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Hey everyone!

I'd like to ask you what kind of grammar is used in this part of sentence

"You have to focus on the task given"

I know its sort of a shortened version of "task that is given" but what kind of grammar discusses it.

Let me thank you for your time and thanks for your answers in advance!

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Sometimes it is called a postpositive modifier or adjective. Other sources might call it a reduced relative clause.

https://www.grossmont.edu/people/karl-sherlock/parts-of-speech/modifiers/adjectives/adjectives-post-positive.aspx

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There's no gerund in your sentence. I don't think you're Scandinavian, but if you were, you might have heard the term "relative clause equivalent" used about sentences like yours.

This is an example of a passive gerund: She likes being seen in his company.

CB

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You have to focus on [the task given].


Syntactically, given is a past-participial clause modifying task in the bracketed noun phrase.

Semantically, it is similar to the relative clause in You have to focus on the task that is given, but it's not called a relative clause because there is no possibility of it containing a relative phrase (cf. *task which given).

Past-participial modifiers in noun phrase structure are 'bare passives', as evident from the admissibility of a by phrase.

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