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Hi there, I would like to ask whether the phrases: process of creating, a strenghthening of the protection, the holding of elected office, voting is not compulsory and making appropriate substitutions are gerunds or verbal nouns. Thak you in advance...B.
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Hi;

Gerund and verbal noun can be seen as synonyms.
Like large and big - they both refer to the same thing.
You have given examples of gerund phrases, because you include other words besides the verb form.
The "-ing" words in your phrases are gerunds to me.
I don't see any reason why any gerund could not be called "a verbal noun," but we'd have to ask whoever invented the term.

In "process of creating," the gerund is part of a prepositional phrase.
Of course a gerund could not be designated as such when standing alone -- except perhaps as the answer to a question:
What's your favorite sport? (reply) Skiing.
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A gerund IS a verbal noun. We add -ing to a verb (not to be confused with -ing participles used in Continuous verb forms) and use it to function as a noun, naming the action.
I am a Slovak student of English language and I´am writing my bachelor thesis now. The problem is that there are several grammar books which differentiate between verbal noun and gerund and do not consider them synonyms. I am confused Emotion: sad
because, in my book, there is: English gerund has nominal and verbal character, as a verb it can express tense, active and passive voice, can be modified by and adverb an can take an object....as a noun it functions as a subject, object, complement, etc....but there is another form which shares some features with gerunds, becuase it sounds similarly, but it has nominal character = verbal noun. It can take a definite or indefinite article, it can be pluralized andit can be modified by an adjective...sooo that´s why i am confused :/
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Hi, Anon,

Can you give a specific example from your book of a "verbal noun" which the book might not call "a gerund"?

Thanks,

- A.

Consider a word like "carving." It has its own dictionary listing as a noun, and may be pluralized.
This carving is beautiful. These carvings are beautiful.

These are specific objects/things. The noun is derived from a verb.

His carving is beautiful. Now we may be talking about the action (the process) rather than simply the object.
(I don't mean that it's beautiful to watch him work.) What he produces is beautiful, past, present or future.
e.g. Did you attend the meeting last night?
His savings were gone.
These are considered verbal noun...in this book
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