Thankyou for helping me out.

Can you answer this, will let you know for further queries i may have.

You have mentioned that playing in (i have seen him playing) is a participle not gerund, though it is behaving like a noun not as an adjective?

Also Gerunds(even though behave as noun) but since can take objects thus it's wrong to say gerunds as noun?


I have seen him playing.

"Playing" has no noun-like properties in this particular example and hence must be a verb.

This is a catenative construction where "see" is a catenative verb and the non-finite clause "playing" is its catenative complement.

Syntactically, the intervening noun "him" is direct object of "seen", though it is also the understood (semantic) subject of "playing".

It's important to understand that -ing forms are basically verbs, though some (but not all) can also function as nouns (or adjectives). In other words they can belong to two distinct parts of speech:

They were criticised for playing their music too loudly [verb]

I witnessed the playing of their first album. [noun]

Note that only verbs, never nouns, can take objects.


Sure Billj, thankyou so much for replying

Please Correct me if I'm wrong.

As per my knowledge ing either works as gerund, progressive verb or present participle

Gerund is used in following situations

As Subject, As object, subject complement, object to prepositions, with pronoun

As an adjective (present participle)

Above eg. I saw him playing football.

this does not seem like a progressive verb to me I thought it's a gerund.

But as you mentioned above it's not working a noun(gerund) or adjective then what exact functionality is ing adding to this statement?

Is it making word playing-- progressive

Also how to identify/rules for gerunds vs participle vs progressive verb

*And one more question even though gerunds work as noun but since they take objects so won't it be incorrect to say that gerunds are noun?

Thankyou in advance