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Hi there,

Can you advise me that if I am grammatical in these sentences, please?


He betrayed his country and defected to the enemy.

Are the words “shame” and “disgrace” pretty much same meaning ?

It is a shame/a disgrace that I had failed in the simple exam.

I felt shamed/disgraced myself that I had failed the simple exam.

I have shamed/disgraced my family by failing the simple exam.

It is shameful/disgraceful that I had failed that simple exam.


Thanks a lot.

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John AkiHe betrayed his country and defected to the enemy.

OK.

John AkiIt is a shame/a disgrace that I had failed in the simple exam.

"disgrace" has a stronger meaning in this case. In expressions such as "It is / It's a shame", "That was a shame", "What a shame" etc., the word "shame" has a fairly mild colloquial meaning. In other contexts, "shame" can have a similar strength to "disgrace", e.g. "You brought shame/disgrace on the family".

Past perfect does not seem necessary, as far as I can tell without further context.

John AkiI felt shamed/disgraced myself that I had failed the simple exam.

This is theoretically possible if "myself" is used as an intensive pronoun rather than reflexive. I think for these purposes, and in the sense that you probably intended it, it is better to view it as incorrect.

John AkiI have shamed/disgraced my family by failing the simple exam.

Correct English, but quite a strong thing to say. For a less strong alternative, you can say "disappointed".

John AkiIt is shameful/disgraceful that I had failed that simple exam.

Past perfect does not seem necessary, as far as I can tell without further context.

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In broad and simple terms, I think of these words this way.

Let's assume Tom did something very bad.

He feels the emotion of shame. Even if no-one knows what he did, he feels shame within himself.

If other people discover what Tom did, he will feel disgrace. He will feel that his reputation has been damaged. He will feel that other people think he is a bad person.

Clive

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