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"I hate being cooped up inside working when it is sunny outside"

and

"Spending a brief amount of time immersed in nature can help your mental heath"

I don't get the structure of this sentence. Could you guys help me pls? I mean the "working" and "Immersed" here how can I put this in a sentence? Is that related to "relative clause"

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nhung 312I don't get the structure of this sentence. of these sentences.

I hate
[
[ [being cooped up inside] (and) [working] ]
[when it is sunny outside]
].

[ Spending a brief amount of time [immersed in nature] ]

[can help [ your mental heath] ].


'working' is a present participle. 'immersed' is a past particle.

Both 'working' and 'immersed in nature' are participle clauses.

'when it is sunny outside' is a subordinate clause of time.

nhung 312How can I put this them in a sentence? sentences?

Emotion: tongue tied They're already in sentences.

Mastering the use of participle clauses takes a lot of practice writing.

nhung 312Is that related to "relative clause"?

No. Participle clauses are distinct from relative clauses.

Some participle clauses do modify nouns as relative clauses do , but most of them do not. Instead, they act more like secondary predicates for the subject of the main clause.

CJ

Comments  
Students: We have free audio pronunciation exercises.

Thank you ! But I wonder for second sentence that should I write like this:

"Spending a brief amount of time to immerse in nature can help your mental health"?

nhung 312Spending a brief amount of time to immerse in nature can help your mental health.

This is also OK.

CJ