Hi there,

Could you please tell me if these two words are exchangeable?

The American Congress corresponds to / is equivalent to the British Parliament.

These two cars correspond to the same value. (Equal)

These two cars are (almost) equivalent to the same value. (Same)




Those phrases aren't often used in ordinary English. They are sometimes used in strict comparisons of language or value:

- The word 'navel', in English corresponds to the Greek word 'omphalos'.

- The UK pound weight (1lb) is equivalent to about 0.45 kilograms

With the sentences that you give, I'd say:

- There are similarities between the American Congress and the British Parliament, but they are not equivalent. For example, the British House of Lords is not elected. The two correspond only in the sense that they are each the supreme legal body of a democratic nation

With the other two sentences, I think people would say it more simply:

- These two cars are worth the same; they also have the same brake horsepower and the same petrol consumption per mile

You can say: that does mean that they are equivalent in those respects; one is equivalent to the other

Hope this may help


Thanks Dave.

John Aki

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Hi Dave_anon,

I'm sorry to chime in. Can you say something like these:

In the U.K, they have the Parliament, and in the U.S., they have the Congress.

In the U.K, it's the Parliament as the government, and in the U.S, it's the Congress.

Thank you



You are welcome to ask.

Both of those sentences are good and correct. I like the way you have used 'and' there to join two ideas that are related but different. We do that in English sometimes ...

- In politics: keep your friends close and your enemies closer

Best wishes and stay safe


Thanks Dave~

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Hi Dave_anon,

Thanks so much for looking into it. In this sentence:

In the U.K, they have the Parliament, and in the U.S., they have the Congress.

Actually I didn't write it myself, it was in one of those instructional videos like Homeschool pop. Can one use "it has the Parliament" and "it has the Congress"? In sentences like this, does "they" or "it" modify anything or is it just a "dummy"?




- In the UK, it's the parliament ..

- In the UK, they have the parliament ..

- In the UK, it has the parliament ..

I'd say all those are OK. I'd say the first of those is an 'empty it' (also called an idiomatic or dummy 'it' - it doesn't refer). The second two are interesting because I would choose the plural. In fact, I would say 'We have a parliament', because I'm writing from the UK. We tend to refer to bodies of people, organisations, nations as plural in that way: the 'they' refers to the UK as a nation of many people.

I've got a feeling that the US may prefer the third, singular form, where the 'it', singular, refers to the UK. But I'm going to have to leave that for them to say


Hi Dave,

Thank you so much for your help.

Have a good day.


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