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Hi,

Could you please confirm if these sentences are grammatically correct to you?


1) A [ and / with ] B confused me. (Both words are correct and common)

2) I confuse about A and B. (Active, less use)

3) I am confused about A and B. (Active, more common)

4) I am confused by A and B. (Passive, more common)


No 2, 3 , 4 are the same meaning.


Cheers

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John Aki1) A [ and / with ] B confused me.

"A and B confused me" is OK.

"A with B confused me" is not a very usual thing to say. The use of "with" may be understood to emphasise that the two things occurred together, but some people may consider the sentence not natural.

John Aki2) I confuse about A and B.

Not correct.

John Aki3) I am confused about A and B. (Active, more common)
4) I am confused by A and B. (Passive, more common)

Both OK, and they mean roughly the same. A small difference might be identified between "about" and "by".

"confused" in (3) is adjectival. "confused" in (4) is probably adjectival.

1 2 3
Comments  

1) A and with B confused me. (Active; correct and common.)

2) I confuse about A and B. (Incorrect.)

3) I am confused about A and B. (Passive; correct and common. Something about them confuses you, although you may not be totally confused.)

4) I am confused by A and B. (Passive; correct and common. You are bewildered.)


(The third example may also be analyzed as an adjectival passive, with confused as an adjective and the construction only passive in a derivative sense. The meaning is the same either way in this case.)

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 GPY's reply was promoted to an answer.
GPY"confused" in (4) is probably adjectival.

You may be right.

Thanks Mr. GPY,

This is also incorrect right?

2-1) I confused about A and B.


John Aki

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Hi Mr. GPY,

Please advice which of them are correct? all incorrect maybe...?


I confused A and B. (Active)

I confused about A and B.

I am confusing A and B. (Active)

I am confusing about A and B.


Cheers

John Aki

After thought I think...


I confused A and B. (This one is correct)

I confused about A and B. (Incorrect)

I am confusing A and B. (This one is correct)

I am confusing about A and B. (Incorrect)


Cheers

John AkiI confused A and B. (Active)

OK. It means that you mixed up A and B. For example, you saw A and thought it was B. It does not mean the same as "I was confused about/by A and B".

You can also say "I confused A with B", with the same meaning (more or less) as "I confused A and B".

John AkiI confused about A and B.

Incorrect.

John AkiI am confusing A and B. (Active)

OK. It means e.g. that you are looking at A while thinking it is B. It does not mean the same as "I am confused about/by A and B".

John AkiI am confusing about A and B.

Incorrect.

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Thanks Mr. GPY,

Could I also express in these ways?


It interested / puzzled me, therefore...

1) I was interested about/by it. (Passive)

2) I was puzzled about/by it. (Passive)

1-1) I interested it. (Active, less use maybe?)

2-2) I puzzled it. (Active, less use maybe?)


Thanks again Joh Aki

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