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Would anybody please explain what to choose from among those four options ??

Since the computer was used in schools , remarkable progress in education ............... .

  1. has made

  2. has been made

  3. had made

  4. had been made
Of course and undoubtedly # 1& # 3 are absolutely wrong ..

What confused me and it was really a stumbling block , the meaning of ( Since ) ..

I mean ..

Does it - in the sentence - mean ( Because ) .. or ( the connector since which is used

in the present perfect tense ) ??

Waiting impatiently for the answer !

Thanks alot ..
Comments  
If I had to pick one it would be 2) b ut it does not make a good sentence. It should be 'Since computers have been used in schools' or 'Since the computer has been used in schools' but best of all: 'Since the computer started being used in schools,' Was is incorrect.

Then the order of the last part is not the most natural.

The best sentence would be 'Since computers started being used in schools, education has made remarkable progress/remarkable progress has been made in education.'
Hello. The answer is 2, "has been made." The use of the word "since" means that this "process" is still happening--thus, you must use the present perfect tense ("has been").

I hope this helps you.

Good luck,

Mel
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Just to add that the past poster is completely right--the sentence isn't great to start with. That's because of the use of "was."

I agree. Best would be: "Since computers have been used in schools, education has made remarkable progress/remarkable progress has been made in education (choose one of these phrases)."

Best of luck with this,

Mella
Just to add that the sentence from the start is pretty poor because of "was used." This implies that computers were once used in schools but now they aren't used anymore.

It would be a much stronger/understandable sentence if something like: "Since computers have been used in schools, remarkable process in education has been made." Actually, there are several possible improvements to the beginning of this sentence.

Hope this helps.
I'd like to add my 2 cents on this sentence. Not a question, the correct answer is [has been made]

Since the computer was used in schools , remarkable progress in education has been made

This is a compound sentence with "past" and present perfect" tense that don't seem to blend grammatically correctly together. But I believe it's acceptable in this context. However, I would use the "clause" consturction to avoid this kind of conflict.

If "Since " is changed to "because", the essence of the sentence pretty much remains but it does not mean exactly the samething. There is more than one way to express the same idea. Evaluate the following options:

With adverbial clause:

1) Since the use / inception of computer in schools, remarkable progress in education [has been made].

2) Because of the use of computer in schools, remarkable progress in education [has been made].

3) With the aid of computer in schools, remarkable progress in education [has been made].

With clauses, there is no time reference as a constrain and thus causes no conflict in term of tenses.

Also, these sentences can be written with inversion construct. Ex: Remarkable progress in education [has been made], because of the use of computer in schools,

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Peace be upon u ..



Nona , Anonymous and Mellak ..

Thanks alot ..

I really appreciate your replies ..

Now I'm quite convinced the answer is ( has been made ) even if there are some

changes concerning the sentence as Nona suggested ..

But Nona .. I'd like to say that I wrote the sentence as I saw it in on of the books ..

I really was in a real fix when I tried to work it out .. !!

Thanks again for everyone !

the payment has been made or the payment had been made?