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I do not understand clauses. [:^)] It is impossible for me to identify them. Can somebody help me? Give me some tips? Please...
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A clause is basically a sentence without punctuation. It forms a complete thought. A "dependent clause" is a clause that needs another clause to form a complete thought.

Example:

Because my friend took the car, (dependent) we had to walk. (normal clause)

There are many other kinds, but I'm afraid I don't know them. Sorry.
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deleted (Sorry, Suzi)
The example given was:

Because my friend took the car, we had to walk.

I don't see anything wrong with this sentence. It contains a subordinate clause ("because my friend took the car") and an independent clause ("we had to walk"). Its meaning is clear.

- Main clause: it is a construction (it may or may not be a complete sentence) that can stand on its own and has full meaning.
"I will call him."

- Dependat clause: it is a construction that cannot stand on its own, it depends on, or is subordinated to, a main clause, to which it adds information.
"I will call him (when he's no longer mad at me)." [the dependant clause is in parentheses]

Compare the following:

- Main clauses:
"His claim is well founded."
"I know Mr Brown."
"I used to live in Buenos Aires."

and

- Dependant clauses
"His claim (that he's being treated unfairly) is well founded." [nominal clause]
"I know Mr Brown, (who is now working at the library)." [relative/adjectival clause]
"I used to live in Bienos Aires (when I was young)." [adverbial clause]

Please check these threads for a more detailed explanation yet, not complete of dependant clauses:
http://www.EnglishForward.com/ShowPost.aspx?PostID=30780
http://www.EnglishForward.com/ShowPost.aspx?PostID=30993

Miriam
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Here's a shot at answering the original question posted: What are clauses?

A clause is a group of words containing a subject and a predicate. The simple subject is usually just a single noun or pronoun. The complete subject is the simple subject together with any modifiers.

She is sick.
The clever student finished the test before all the others.

The simple subject of the first sentence is "she". In the second sentence, "student" is the simple subject, and "the clever student" is the complete subject.

Everything in a sentence besides the complete subect is called the complete predicate. It says whatever there is to be said about the subject. In an interrogative sentence, it asks the question. I've capitalized the complete predicate in the two sentences below:

WHY IS the house FALLING APART?
The house IS FALLING APART BECAUSE NOBODY HAS LIVED IN IT FOR A LONG TIME.

Clauses can be either subordinate or independent. An independent clause (also called a main clause), if severed from the rest of the sentence, could stand by itself and be written as a sentence on its own. Here, the independent clause is capitalized:

I AM ALWAYS LATE because the bus is slow.

A subordinate clause (also called a dependent clause) cannot stand alone:

I am always late BECAUSE THE BUS IS SLOW.

Subordinate clauses depend on something else in the sentence. They either modify something else or act as a subject or object . In other words, they can function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. Let's look at examples of each function.

He hoped THAT HE WOULD PASS THE COURSE.
WHY HE DID IT was not clear to anybody.

In the first sentence, the subordinate noun clause "that he would pass the course" is the object of the verb "hope". In the second sentence, "why he did it" is the subject of the verb "was".

Here are two sentences with subordinate adjective clauses:

The money THAT I LOST was quickly replaced. (modifies "money")
I admire people WHO KNOW THEIR WAY AROUND. (modifies "people")

The following sentences have subordinate adverb clauses:

He was pleased THAT HE COULD ANSWER THE QUESTION. (modifies the adjective "pleased")
She cried WHEN HE WENT AWAY. (modifies the verb "cry")

So, to recap, clauses are either independent or subordinate. An independent clause could be a complete sentence on its own. A subordinate clause, though it has a subject and a predicate, is just a fragment. It wouldn't make sense as a sentence on its own. A subordinate clause can function as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb.
I have the same problem: i hate english

just try to remember an adjective modifies a noun or pronoun. person, place , thing, look for words like: who, whom, which, what kind, adjectives clauses answer these types of qusetions.

and an adverb everything else.

(look for words in the sentence like: where, when, why, whenever, since, after, all will introduce an adverb clause. adver clauses answer these types of questions.

hope this help,
good luck
I need help on Simple subject/ simple predicate/ complete subject/ complete predicate!!!
please helpppppp!!!!!!
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