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Hi everyone.

I am from Iran.

I have some questions and I will be grateful if you answer my questions. Here are my questions:

1) Which sentence is grammatically correct?

a) We are going to have choral practice as soon as John and Tom will return.

b) When the prisoner is released, he will be in prison for seven years.

2) Which sentence is grammatically correct?

a) When only a child, Andy was taught the names of plants and trees by his father.

b) To estimate the success of such a project, a computer was used.

c) While having drunk a cup of coffee, Tom spilled it on his homework.

d) The table, having made from cherry wood, was, I thought, beautiful.

Which word fills the blank:

1) The ………. of a lichen – probably the hardiest of all plants- is usually a network of minute hairlike fungus that anchors the plant.

a) fragment b) framework c) condition d) environment

2) He postulated that these bodies are constantly being deposited on all objects. The word “postulated” means:

a) analyzed b) suggested c) persuaded d) doubted .

Thanks in advance.

Mehdi.
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Comments  
Hello Mehdi22

Although I'm a learner from Japan, if you don't mind, let me try to answer.
1) Which sentence is grammatically correct?
a) We are going to have choral practice as soon as John and Tom will return.
b) When the prisoner is released, he will be in prison for seven years.
1-a is fine. As for 1-b, "he will be" should be "he will have been".
2) Which sentence is grammatically correct?
a) When only a child, Andy was taught the names of plants and trees by his father.
b) To estimate the success of such a project, a computer was used.
c) While having drunk a cup of coffee, Tom spilled it on his homework.
d) The table, having made from cherry wood, was, I thought, beautiful.
a) When only a child, Andy was taught the names of plants and trees by his father. (OK)
b) To estimate the success of such a project, a computer was used.
I don't think it's wrong, but I would say rather "They used a computer to evaluate the success of such a success".
c) While drinking a cup of coffee, Tom spilled it on his homework.
d) The table, made from cherry wood, was, I thought, beautiful.
Which word fills the blank:
1) The ………. of a lichen – probably the hardiest of all plants- is usually a network of minute hair like fungus that anchors the plant.
a) fragment b) framework c) condition d) environment
I'll choose "fragment".
2) He postulated that these bodies are constantly being deposited on all objects. The word “postulated” means:
a) analyzed b) suggested c) persuaded d) doubted .
The synonyms to "postulate" are "suppose", "hypothesize", "assume", etc.. If I am forced to select one among the four, I'll choose "suggested".

paco
Hello Paco2004,

A quick question regarding the sentence 1 (a). It is my understanding that the time clauses-- like "as soon as"-- and simple future (will) cannot be used together. What do you think?
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True. "as soon as" + "will" is not English. The same is true of other subordinating conjunctions of time (e.g., 'after', 'before', 'until', 'when').

CJ
Hello Krish

Thanks for pointing out my mistake. Yes, the use of "will" in the adverbial clause of "as soon as" is redundant. I overlooked it. So is the 1-b right?

paco
Hello Paco2004,

The sentence 1 (b)with your correction seems fine to me since the Time clause 'when...' doesn't use any future tense.
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Hello Krish

I have been pondering over 1-b. To me it seems still wrong. I take the when-clause as an index of a future time, and if it is so, "will be in prison for 7 years" should be "will have been in prison for 7 years" (perfective in future).

paco
Hi Paco2004,

Just few seconds ago, I made a correction in my previous posting, stating that your corrected version of 1 (b) is OK to me and the original version is wrong.
Hi Krish

Thank you. So we may conclude 1-a and 1-b in the original are both incorrect.

paco
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