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Hi there, how to change these underlined finite sub-ordinate clauses to non finite sub-ordinate clauses? and can anyone check on what have I done? Are they in correct forms?

1. The robber clutched the moneybag in his hand and ran through the forest. = Clutching the moneybag in his hand, the robber ran through the forest.

2. Jean arrived late and greatly disturbed her sister. = have no idea.

3. Geoffrey hoped he could swim a mile underwater. = Geoffrey hoped to swim a mile underwater.

4. The children wept inconsolably, and they ran to their parents. = Having wept inconsolably, the children ran to their parents.

5. The backpack weighed more than 20 pounds, and Rowan found it hard to carry on his back. = have no idea.
can anyone check and give answers@opinion for each reasons? I'm just confused of how to change them. Is there any simple pattern@rules other than looking at the tense? Thanks!
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Hi,

how to change these underlined finite sub-ordinate clauses to non finite sub-ordinate clauses? and can anyone check on what have I done? Are they in correct forms?Are you sure you just want to focus on subordinate clauses? See my comments below.

1. The robber clutched the moneybag in his hand and ran through the forest. = Clutching the moneybag in his hand, the robber ran through the forest.OK, but the underlined clause is not a subordinate clause.

2. Jean arrived late and greatly disturbed her sister.= have no idea. Arriving late, Jean greatly disturbed . . .
Note the underlined part is not a subordinate clause.

3. Geoffrey hoped he could swim a mile underwater. = Geoffrey hoped to swim a mile underwater. Seems fine.

4. The children wept inconsolably, and they ran to their parents.= Having wept inconsolably, the children ran to their parents. OK. But again, the underlined clause is not a subordinate clause.

5. The backpack weighed more than 20 pounds, and Rowan found it hard to carry on his back. = have no idea.

Again, not subordinate. The backpack weighing more than 20 pounds, Rowan found it hard to carry it on his back.

can anyone check and give answers@opinion for each reasons? I'm just confused of how to change them. Is there any simple pattern@rules other than looking at the tense?

In the form of grammar that I was originally taught, clauses were always finite, so the idea of a non-finite clause is rather alien to me. This topic is discussed on the 'net, eg

http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAFiniteClause.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-finite_clause

Best wishes, Clive
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Hi,

Okay, now I can see what you mean, so the underlined clauses are not the subordinate clauses right, they are no non-finite clauses? Because that's what I have been taught by my lecturer. The non-finite clauses are the ones which consist of non-finite verbs. I'm just confused. Anyway, thanks for your comments Clive!
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