I'm a newbie here.
I have difficulty using these adjectives: "continued", "continuous", "continuing", "continual". Could someone tell me how to use them correctly?
Dbiz:The work continued for 5 more days. - The work happened in the past and has stopped by now.
The work is continuous. - keeps going, never stops.
The work is continuing. - the work is still happening, but will stop at some point.
This is continual work. - This work will keep going, never will stop, like continuous.
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I've always liked the usage note on www.m-w.com for these words:
synonyms continual , continuous , constant , incessant , perpetual , perennial mean characterized by continued occurrence or recurrence. continual often implies a close prolonged succession or recurrence <continual showers the whole weekend>. continuous usually implies an uninterrupted flow or spatial extension <football's oldest continuous rivalry>. constant implies uniform or persistent occurrence or recurrence <lived in constant pain>. incessant implies ceaseless or uninterrupted activity <annoyed by the incessant quarreling>. perpetual suggests unfailing repetition or lasting duration <a land of perpetual snowfall>. perennial implies enduring existence often through constant renewal <a perennial source of controversy>.
Anonymous:The question specifically referred to "continued," "continuous," "continuing," and "continual;" not "incessant," "perpetual," or "perennial."
Anonymous:Grammar geek's reply was most helpful. The inclusion of other relevant terms was appreciated.
Anonymous:The difference between continuous and continual:
Continuous means process without any interruption.
Continual means a process with interruption (small or large).
Eg.: Say there's a continuous assessment every month. This means that the assessment takes place every month with any interruption. Assessment starts on 1st of every month and ends on last day of the month, followed by next assessment starting again from 1st of the following month.
If you say the assessment is a continual assessment, then it has a different meaning. The assessment starts on 1st of a month and ends in a week. There is no assessment after that week till the 1st of the following week.
Hope this helps.
Anonymous:Continuous refers to space, and time. Continual refers to time.
Anonymous:I think continuous assessment is a fomative assessment, this is take place on a daily bases of teaching and learning,And continuing assessment is summative assessment that is take place at the end of aterm or year.
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