Quoting what someone else said?
Tom: I love English. Sue: What DOES Tom SAY? George: Oh, he SAYS that he LOVES

English. Monica: I didn't hear Tom. What DID he SAY? George: He SAID that he LOVED English. Sue: What did Monica ask you? George: Oh, she ASKED me what Tom HAD SAID. Dear anon., there are many rules that you will have to study and practice. Good luck!
This is difficult to answer, because of I do not know what it is for.

Basically you use " ". Quote EXACTLY what the person said. If there are missing words use, [ ].


Jimmy wrote me this note, "not in today, too sick".

Writing it as:

"not in today, [because he's] too sick".

adding the [ ] helps the reader understand what the person was trying to say, without changing the original quote.

you can add it in a sentace,

Jimmy told me that, he's, "not in today, too sick", so I guess I will stay to cover his shift at work.

For more formal quoting, it gets very difficult.

Always site your sources!

You must give sources for all of your quotes, this can be using footnotes or otherwise - again, depending on what format).


According to the Toronto Times, Lester Person stated in his Oct 12th, 1991 interview with Tom Jackson, pg.2 that, " ............".

I agree with George Clooney's statement, "actors need to be paid more", as shown on the MTV awards night on Dec 1, 2001, because I'm also an actor and I am starving.

If the quote is very long, like many sentances, it can be put into its own paragraph, and do not use " ".

And the letter is quoted as:







This depends on your University and degree, in Canadian Universities in English request you to use MLA format, APA for psychology ... etc. You can buy these format guidelines in your University bookstore or on-line. Ask your professor.

MLA is the most commonly used one (in Canada) anyway among departments. Here is their web-site:

http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/557/01 /
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Anonymous is correct too, but that was is not common or academically accepted.

Other ways are using italics.

And John said to me, please stop making that noise, and I said, Well okay!

Please ask your teacher what he/she wants.

Please note too, that academic sources like MLA and APA styles CHANGE - every year!!! So you must buy the most recent edition.
But George didn't say that he LOVED English, he said that he LOVES it.

I love you

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