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How do I describe past events in the present day? I get confused with the mix of present and past tense in such sentences.


Can you please provide an example?

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It's better if you show us a few of your attempts, so that we understand how to help you.

Or do you just want sentences like these?

Last Monday I watched TV.

On Tuesday, I went to the park.

Clive

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Cry_of_lord_buddhaI get confused with the mix of present and past tense in such sentences.

In the most usual situations, the verbs in the present tense are about actions or states in present time; the verbs in the past tense are about actions or states in past time. The following sentences have both tenses. Let us know what you don't understand about them.

Ratcliff believes his son went to Texas.
Do you know the man who climbed out on the ledge to stop the woman from jumping?
I found out that the notebook app on my smart phone doesn't have a save button.
Perry's campaign sent a fundraising letter noting that all humans make mistakes.

CJ

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Cry_of_lord_buddhaCan you please provide an example?

We all know (present tense) that Donald Trump lost (past tense) the election.
Trump constantly tweets (present tense) that he won (past tense) the election.
The newspaper today says (present tense) that over a thousand people died (past tense) yesterday of Covid-19.

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CalifJimI found out that the notebook app on my smart phone doesn't have a save button.

This is what I wanted to mean. This is confusing to me.

Here "found" (//paste tense) and "does not have" (//present tense) . This is a mix of tense.

Is it a correct sentence at all? It does not convey the meaning. Can you please explain how it works and what message it conveys?

Is it a correct sentence?

I knew that he give his son 10$

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Cry_of_lord_buddha
CalifJimI found out that the notebook app on my smart phone doesn't have a save button.

This is what I wanted to mean. This is confusing to me.

Here "found" (//paste tense) and "does not have" (//present tense) . This is a mix of tense.

The present tense is used for statements that are true forever, or always.

My smart phone doesn't have a save button.

This statement is true all the time. It was true when I purchased the phone five years ago.
It is true right now.
It will not change tomorrow. A new button will not appear on the phone in the future!

The earth is not going to change after it was formed some 4 billion years ago.

I was taught (past tense) in fifth grade that the earth is a planet that revolves around an average star.

Cry_of_lord_buddhaIs it a correct sentence?
I knew that he give his son 10$

No.

You can have an action that repeats continuously, for example.

He gives his son $10 every week. 

Here are some correct sentences:

I know that he gives his son $10 every week.
I knew that he gives his son $10 every week.


Compare that with a single event that happened in the past and is completed.

He gave his son $10 yesterday.

Here are some correct sentences:

I know that he gave his son $10 yesterday.
This morning, I knew that he gave his son $10 yesterday.
This morning, I knew that he had given his son $10 yesterday.

Cry_of_lord_buddhaI knew that he gives his son $10. [not a good sentence]

After some introductory verbs in the past (thought that, knew that, said that) it is customary to use the past tense. The that-clause is said to be backshifted. It is never wrong to backshift, so it should always be your first choice.

I knew that he gave his son $10.

If he gives his son $10 on a regular basis, you are usually going to say something like the following.

I know that he gives his son $10 every week.

If the that-clause contains some timeless information, it may make more sense to express it in the present even if the introductory verb is in the past, as when you find out that something is a fact. This situation doesn't come up very often.

Yesterday I found out that water boils at 100 degrees centigrade.

CJ

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