According to the Cambridge dictionary there are two different pronunciations for "and": /ænd/ is the strong form and weak form can be either /ənd/ or /ən/. Therefore, I would really appreciate it if someone could explain what are the circumstances that we need to take into account while pronouncing "and". Does it depend on the near words? In addition, I have no clear idea about what is the difference between strong form and weak form of a word and what type of form I should select while pronouncing different words.


All the small words in English have multiple pronunciations. Even the same speaker uses several different pronunciations of these words. The choice is made unconsciously and depends on the situation. Are you speaking before a group, where you want to speak as clearly as possible? Are you speaking to your boss? Are you speaking to your children? Are you speaking slowly? Fast? Softly? Loudly? All of these factors and others can affect pronunciation.

A learner is best advised not to think about this too much. You can't think your way to good, authentic pronunciation. You have to listen and imitate.

Personally, in ordinary everyday speech, I tend to use something like /æn/ for "and" most of the time, adding an unreleased "d" /d̚/ from time to time depending on what sound follows, thus "and so on" /ænd̚ˈsowan/.



Thank you very much for the answer.