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In my native language, there are no voiced /b/, /d/, and /g/. We have unaspirated /p/, /t/, and /k/, as well as the aspirated /p/, /t/ and /k/. (The correct IPA symbols for the latter are [pʰ], [tʰ], and [kʰ])

I have learned to make the voiced /b/, /d/ and /g/ individually, but I am not sure I can make them correctly in natural conversations. I am afraid that I make unaspirated /p/ instead of /b/ in words, for instance, book, bird, bye, and many other words. I am also afraid that the same error happens to the words that include voiced /d/ and /g/, which I may substitute with unaspirated /t/ and /k/.

So HOW can I make voiced consonants in Conversations? Should I tighten my throat or do something else?

If you can understand what I meant, please help. Thanks very much.
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stephenlearnerI have learned to make the voiced /b/, /d/ and /g/ individually
If you can pronounce them on their own, then you can also add some vowels after them, and pronounce syllable and words. You shouldn't have any problems...
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stephenlearnerSo HOW can I make voiced consonants in Conversations? Should I tighten my throat or do something else?
Tightening your throat won't help.

You have to force yourself to get the voicing going before saying the /b/, /d/, or /g/. You might be able to practice this by pronouncing (for practice only, of course) /b/ as /mb/, /d/ as /nd/ and /g/ as /ng/. (I haven't got the right IPA symbol for the ng sound before g in that last one, but you know which one I mean.)

In other words, try these sounds with the corresponding nasals just before them.

Make up some sentences like the following and pronounce them for practice as shown below.

Dab a little goop on your bald head.
Ndamb a little ngoop on yourm balnd hend.

The bad girl did buy a big dog.
The mband ngirl ndind mbuy a mbing ndong.

No guarantees. Let me know if it helps. Emotion: smile

CJ
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Comments  
Thank you, Jim. I will try your methods.

Thank you Kooyeen.
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