1. Structure reconstruction. ( dots mean that this part of sentence is not changed)
Reconstruct the following sentences (or pairs of sentences) in such a way that they are as similar as possible in meaning to the ones printed before them. Make all necessary alteraction. Use the info provided in the brackets.

1. Freda phoned Jack last night. (cleft sentence with emphasis on last night)

It was last night that Freda phoned Jack.

2. We didn’t complain to the waiter about the food because we didn’t want to embarrass our friends. (adverbial clause with so as)

We didn't ........... waiter so as not to embarass......

3. There are difficulties that must be surmounted before any agreement can be reached. ( non-finite clause)

There are difficulties to be surmounted.............

4. He didn’t even phone to let me know he was not coming. This made me very angry. ( noun clause)

The fact that he didn't........ coming made me very angry.

5. We came within sight of Everest. Its summit has attracted so many climbers. ( relative clause)

We...... Everest, whose.....
6. The railway attendant assumes the train has been running too slow for the last 20 minutes. ( non-finite in passive structure)

this i just dont know how to change :/ maybe: That the train had been running too slow for the previous 20 minutes the railway attendant assumed.

7. A group of MP’s has advocated that the Government should set up a special commission of inquiry. ( gerundial structure)

A group.................Government setting up..........

8. He is to do the task. I recommend it. (subjunctive)

I recommend he to do the task.

9. Several people went to Paris this spring. None of them complained about the hotel. ( relative clause)

Several people, none of whom......hotel, went............spring

10. He tore open the letter and found a cheque for Ł100 in it. (non-finite clause)

He ..... letter finding.....

11. What if you lose the ticket you have. Have you got enough money to buy another one? (suppose)

idk here but maybe: Suppose that you lose the ticket, have you got enough money to buy another one?

12. She is only crying because some soap went into her eye while her mother was washing her hair. ( passive voice)

here idk also but lets try: She was only crying because some soap went into her eye when her hair was being washed.

13. Penicillin was discovered in 1928. It helped to save many lives in World War II. (conditional- use but for)

i bet im wrong here: But for penicilin discovery in 1928 many lives would not have been saved in WWII.

14. We never thought he was that sort of fellow. (emphasis)

he i have serious doubts also: That he that sort of fellow was we never thought.

15. What a tasty cake this is! My neighbours commented. (reported speech)

My neighbours commented that what a tasty cake that was.

16. He lost two games early in the tournament. Despite this, however, he managed to carry off the championshim. ( co0ordinate relative clause)

He lost.........tournament, despite which, however, he.............

This is quite an assignment, and you have made a great attempt. I'll try to make corrections, assuming I understand the instructions.

5: some would prefer "the summit of which", avoiding the human element of 'whose'

6: [this one has me baffled!]

8: I recommended [that] he do the task.

10: comma after 'letter'

12: crying only because


I don't know what your native language is, but I suspect you may have a verb [It. fare; Sp. hacer; Fr. faire) that is the equivalent of many expressions in English that use do or make. In this case, we do an exercise, while the teacher has made the exercise.

6. The railway attendant assumes the train has been running too slow for the last 20 minutes. ( non-finite in passive structure)

The train's having been running too slow for the last 20 minutes is assumed by the railway attendant.

This is not a very common kind of thing to say!

Best wishes, Clive
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HELP ME PLEASE!!! Emotion: sad
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Thanks for your help guys, you see now that some of sentenses are very weird for me as wel las for you Emotion: smile

It means that the rest is correct?