The Holy Bible in Puritans’ life
Puritan is the name given in the 16th century to the more extreme Protestants within the Church of England who thought the English Reformation had not gone far enough in reforming the doctrines and structure of the church; they wanted to purify their national church by eliminating every shred of Catholic influence.
The most obvious feature of this group is that they are religious people, and they were Calvinists. That is, puritans believed that the Bible contained God's authoritative revelation of truth, truth that applied to all realms of human life. Most Puritans used the Geneva Bible translation whose preface summarized what the Bible meant by calling it the "light to our path, the key to the kingdom of heaven, our comfort in affliction, our shield and sword against Satan, the source of all wisdom, the food for our souls, and the glass in which we see God's face." For them, the Scriptures provided the rule and guidance for all of life--government, economics, education, church, family, and morals. As puritan pastor Jeremiah Burroughs wrote, "First, when you come to hear the Word, if you would sanctify God's name, you must posses your souls with what it is you are going to hear. That is, what you are going to hear is the [very] Word of God in the Bible.”
Therefore, they did not allow the denying that the Bible is the Word of God. For example, On Nov.4th, 1646, the little Massachusetts Bay Colony passed a law prohibiting their people from denying that the Bible is the Word of God. The penalty for persistence in this error was death. The same act also set a fine of five shillings for failing to attend church on Sunday.
Puritans not only gave lip service to their religious beliefs, but they also practiced them devoutly in their daily lives.
The Puritans believed that man must follow the Bible exactly and try to communicate directly with God. In order to communicate with God there had to be no distractions from their religion. In order to achieve this, the Puritans held to an austere and Spartan lifestyle. Puritans immersed themselves in their work and avoided art, sculpture, poetry, drama or anything else that might be seen as a distraction. Even home furnishings were simply made of wood.
Thought the rules seem to be a little extreme to puritan, the Bible still played an active role in their lives. Such as the result of the lifestyle mentioned above was as a community that was wealthy and industrious.
Another benefit of the Puritan’s obsession with the Bible was the rapid rise in the rate of literacy. Puritans believed that people should use the Bible to connect directly to God, but the Satan was a reality who was determined to destroy this connection. Education enabled one to fortify himself with the strength of Biblical readings was a necessity. Thus, they put much attention on education.
Firstly, the church was the predominate force, and much teaching was of an ecclesiastical nature.
Puritan ministers, who knew the Word of God intimately, were vital to this activity. There were teachers, pastors, under-shepherds, and leaders, examples to the multitudes. They did not just study it; rather, it became part of them. Different from Anglican ministers, the Puritan preachers were not in it for the money at all, rather, they desired godliness and to glorify Christ. The Puritans were unanimous in voicing that the primary duty of the Preacher was preaching. For what could be more important than bringing the Word of God to the people?
Secondly, many young Puritans, primarily boys age six to eight, learned reading, spelling, and prayers at a "dame school," run very much like a home day care. Later, either the boys went on to a Latin grammar school to prepare for college and an eventual religious or political career or they trained in a trade. Girls usually continued their education -- in household skills -- at home. The Puritan ethic of child rearing was to train up children in the way they should go, to care for their bodies and souls together, and to educate them for sober, godly, socially useful adult living.
What’s more, Puritans thought much of family stability according to the sayings in the Holy Bible. Their ethic of marriage was to look, not for a partner whom you do love passionately at the moment, but rather for one whom you could love steadily as your best friend for life, and then to proceed with God's help to do just that. Such as John Woolman’s said in his “The Journal of John Woolman”: “About this time believing it good for me to settle and thinking seriously about a companion, my heart was turned to the Lord with desires that He would give me wisdom to proceed therein agreeable to His Will”. The Puritan ethic of home life was based on maintaining order, courtesy, and family worship. Goodwill, patience, consistency, and an encouraging attitude were seen as the most essential domestic virtues.
In conclusion, the Holy Bible took a very important role in the Puritans’ lives. It guided every aspect of them. As a result, if people want to have a further understanding about this group, reading the Holy Bible first.

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