General advice for Task 1 essays

1. Structure: This works for most Task 1 essays:

Paragraph 1: Describe the figure or table. What kind of figure is it? How many are there? What is the subject matter, the time frame, the geography, and the categories? What are the units of measure? Write about all aspects of the diagram, but do not mention any data or information that it contains.

Paragraph 2: Write 2 or 3 sentences about the most significant observations in the data or information.

Paragraph 3: Write about some interesting details.

A summary paragraph is not called for.


2. Clauses and sentence structure:

Do not write any opinions or conclusions. That is for Task 2.


Focus on the figure. Do not write phrases or clauses about what you are doing, for example "Looking at the chart..." "Turning to the table,..."

Avoid subjective clauses that use "opinion" words such as:

It is clear that...
It is obvious that...
It is evident that...
It is notable that..
It can be seen that

3. Vocabulary:

3.1 Avoid anthropomorphic verbs - "see," "witness" and "experience". Inanimate objects like years and data values do not see things. You can use these figures of speech (literary devices) in Task 2, but Task 1 essays are in a science /math context, so use a science/math vocabulary.

3.2 Avoid descriptive words that express sensational feelings for the same reason. Examples are "dramatically," "enormous," "rocket," and "plunge." Use mathematical expressions instead.

3.3 The most frequently wrongly used words are "figure," "fluctuation", "rate" and "peak." Read about these words here:

Vocabulary Words For Task 1: Reference Post

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