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The charts below show the changes in ownership of electrical appliances and amount of time spent doing housework in households in one country between 1920 and 2019.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.


Help me evaluate this essay. Thanks very much for your kind help.


Percentage of households with electrical appliances (1920-2019)

Number of hours of housework* per week, per household (1920 - 2019)

housework* = washing clothes, preparing meals, cleaning


The first line graph illustrates the alteration in ownership of three categories of electrical appliances (washing machine, fridge and vacuum cleaner) and the second one compares how much time spent on doing chores in one nation from 1920 to 2019.

Overall, it is obvious that over the period shown, the proportion of families that owned electrical appliances saw an upward trend. Meanwhile, the opposite was true for the number of hours doing housework per week in every household.

In 1920, only about 5% of total households had a refrigerator, while the percentage of families possessing vacuum cleaners and washing machines accounted for 30% and 40% respectively. In the next 40 years, the percentage of household ownership of refrigerators witnessed a soar to 90%, after which it rose to 100% till the end of the period. During this period, the proportion of households owning vacuum cleaners rocketed to 70% before reaching 100% in 2000 and staying unchanged until 2019. Besides, the percentage seen for ownership of washing machines also increased by 30% in this period, at which point it fell slightly to around 65% in 1980 and then grew to about 75% in 2019.

In the second graph, one can see that in 1920, every household allocated 50 hours weekly to do housework (including doing the laundry, cleaning and cooking). Additionally, this number went down more than half to 20 hours in the following 20 years and then hit a low of 10 hours per week in 2019.

(245 words)

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The first line graph illustrates the alteration in traces the changes in ownership of three categories of electrical appliances (washing machines [ 1], fridges and vacuum cleaners) in some country, and the second one compares how much time [ 2] was spent on doing household chores in that country one nation from 1920 to 2019.

Overall, [ 3] it is obvious that over the period shown, the proportion of families that owned electrical appliances saw an upward trend. Meanwhile, the opposite was true for the number of hours doing housework per week. in every household.

In 1920, only about 5% of total households had a refrigerator, while the percentage of families possessing vacuum cleaners and washing machines accounted for 30% and 40% respectively. In Over the next 40 years, all three graphs rose significantly, reaching 90% for refrigerators, and 70% for the other two. Subsequently, the graph for washing machines dipped slightly but recovered to end at around 75%, while the other two continued to rise, reaching 100% by 2000 and remained at that level. [ ] the percentage of household ownership of refrigerators witnessed a soar to 90%, after which it rose to 100% till the end of the period. During this period, the proportion of households owning vacuum cleaners rocketed to 70% before reaching 100% in 2000 and staying unchanged until 2019. Besides, the percentage seen for ownership of washing machines also increased by 30% in this period, at which point it fell slightly to around 65% in 1980 and then grew to about 75% in 2019.

In the second graph, one can see that in 1920, every household allocated 50 hours weekly to do housework (including doing the laundry, cleaning and cooking). Additionally, this number went down However, that figure decreased more than half to 20 hours in over the following 20 years and then hit continued declining to a low of 10 hours per week in 2019.

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[ 1]: When we talk about something in general terms, we use the plural (if it is countable).

[ 2]: The passive structure is: Some form of the verb “be” +V(past participle).

[ 3]: Avoid meaningless fillers in IELTS.

[ 4]: Be mindful of your word count.