He is a nice person.
he -a subject
is a nice person-compound nominal predicate
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But why do you consider my description incorrect? I don't know anything about compound nominal predicate. I would expect a detailed answer from someone.
He- subject is --- copula a nice person--- subject complement/attribute. Who is a nice person? He. You see subject answers this so it is subject attribute. The things I explained are functions. As for categories: He---noun , is ---verb phrase a nice person ---- noun phrase . More detailed: a is an article, nice is an adjective modifying person.
This is what I think.
I didn't ask Paulio to stop replying to my question. I just asked him to be little more comprehensive. Yes, I do learn from everyone and I do respect everyone for teaching me.
And please let me know the definition of ''compound nominal predicate
1: What is the difference between categories and functions?
2: I never heard anyone calling is a verb phrase. Mostly they call it helping verb or linking verb. What do you say on this?
1: What is the difference between categories and functions?- -- Think about functions as jobs and categories as names.
2: I never heard anyone calling is a verb phrase. Mostly they call it helping verb or linking verb. What do you say on this?--- I can't force them to call it verb phrase. If you haven't heard this before, you should be happy to have learnt a new word. Search it.
Doll1: What is the difference between categories and functions?--- Think about functions as jobs and categories as names.Hi Doll,
Now I can understand your point to a certain degree. But it would be very helpful, if you explain your answer a little bit more.
he - pronoun
he - noun phrase (NP)*
is - verb
a - article
nice - adjective
person - noun
a nice person - noun phrase (NP)*
is a nice person - verb phrase (VP)*
*These designations come from a system of analysis called 'transformational grammar'.
he - subject
is - copula
a - determiner
nice - modifier
person - complement
a nice person - complement
is a nice person - predicate
At the highest level of functional analysis, each sentence has simply a subject and a predicate; the predicate is everything in the sentence except the subject.
The same part of speech (category), particularly nouns, can be used with different functions. For example a noun can act as a subject, a subject complement, a direct object, an indirect object, an object complement, the object of a preposition, or a modifier. In grammatical analysis the different kinds of terminology shown above are often mixed. The same component in a sentence may have several different names. Also, the same term may be used both as a category and as a function. The word verb, for example, is often used both to mean a part of speech and as the name of its function in the sentence. There are often many different terms that apply to the same word or group of words. The terms selected depend on the type of analysis which is being done.
Best wishes, Jackson
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