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To begin with, smoking has been linked to lung cancer. Smoking is bad for your lungs in other ways/aspects, too.

Hi,

Do both ways and aspects fit in the above and mean about the same to you? Thanks.
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Aspects sounds inappropriate in this context. Smoking doesn't have 'aspects'.
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Thanks, Mister.

But could you shed more light on the difference between aspects and ways? They're almost the same when they are translated into our language.
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Way is a more general word, less precise and lower register. Aspect is used more formally, for more scientific or specialized, specific or better-defined classifications. The words smoking, bad, and your all point to a less formal context.