What does 'in time/out of time' imply here in this context?

During the eighteenth century, the Ptolemaic view of the universe finally collapsed. In its place, there emerged a new picture of a universe operating according to strict, rational, and impersonal laws that could, in principle, be discoverd by science. God may have created it, perhaps in time; perhaps, in some sense, out of time. But then left it to run almost entirely according to its own logic and rules. Newton assumed that both time and space were absolutes, providing the ultimate frames of reference for the universe. It was wedely accepted that both might be infinite, and thus the universe had neither a definable edge nor a time of origin. In this way, God was moved further and further away from the story of origins.


The meaning is pretty nebulous. The general idea is that God may, or may not, be influenced or constrained by 'time'.


(I did the deletion)
Either time has always existed and God created the universe in time; that is, it took time for God to create the universe. According to this view, the creation took place within the field of time for God just as the creation of anything by human beings takes place in the field of time. This is creating the universe "in time".

Alternately, time did not exist at all until God created it as one of the components the universe. This is creating the universe "out of time", i.e., "without time". In this scenario God created time itself. (To me, this is closer to the idea of the "big bang", before which, it is said, time did not exist at all.)

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By the way, it seems that someone deleted for me the wrong message I posted by mistake before this.

I'm sorry for the inconvenience and the trouble.
 Clive's reply was promoted to an answer.
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 CalifJim's reply was promoted to an answer.
I see. Thanks for the explanation, Clive and Jim!

And thanks for the deletion, Clive!