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hello everybody,

I'd like to know if backshift of tense is neccessary in every day speech?

  1. My example from a book says:
    direct speech: He said, "I live in Paris."
    Indirect speech: He said he lived in Paris.
Would it be a mistake if I said: "He said he lives in Paris"? (I know that he still lives in Paris).

2. Are the senetnces below correct? if so, what's the difference?
a) I said I don't want to be with her.
b) I said I didn't want to be with her.

thank you for help
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Comments  
Yogi2005hello everybody,

I'd like to know if backshift of tense is neccessary in every day speech?

  1. My example from a book says:
    direct speech: He said, "I live in Paris."
    Indirect speech: He said he lived in Paris.o.k.
Would it be a mistake if I said: "He said he lives in Paris"? (I know that he still lives in Paris). o.k.

2. Are the senetnces below correct? if so, what's the difference?
a) I said I don't want to be with her.
b) I said I didn't want to be with her.

thank you for help

My take is that in (a), the time of not wanting to be with her is ever (beginning now). In (b), the time of not wanting to be with her was in the past.....may or may not have changed your mind by now.
direct speech : i am ill

indirect speech : He said that he was ill.

They are true sentences becaus indirect speech is past and you must speak past tense

He said that he was ill. You must understand he is ill now

For e.g.

Kelly: I can't come to party this evening because i am very tired.

Mike: I see. No problem see you later.

at party Nora asks to mike why didn't kelly come to party

and mike says: I spoke to her and she said that me " She couldn't come to pary this evening because she was very tired."

If you talk someone about another one you must speak in past tense. This is indirect speech.
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The backshift is always correct, but never required if what is reported is still true.

CJ
All correct.
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Strongly suggest reading the quotations from Jespersen present in my posts here:

sequence of tenses
The correct version is I said I didn't want to live with her. There should be the consequence of tenses and tha past tense and the present tense in one sentence don't go together.
I said I didn´t want to be her.
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