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I am confused with the answer because i think all the answer is correct. Can you tell me the true answer with explanation?

1) I hope to the birthday party tonight.

(a) I' shall able to come

(b)to be able to come <<answer

2)"Shall i walk you home?" "I don't mind if you do ,but you don't ."

(a)have to do

(b)have to do so

(c)have to walk me home

(d)have to <<answer

3)John said thathe had to run in order .

(a) to catch the bus <<answer

(b)that he can catch a bus << in order that -clause =in order todo something?

4)The heavy rain kept us for 2 hours.

(a)waiting <<answer

(b)to wait

5) the speaker found himself all alone.

(a)leave << "find" is a prrceptive word, can't it use with a Bare Infinitive?

(b)leaving <<answer
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Hello Anon

1) I hope shall be able to go to the birthday party tonight.
It's not correct. "I hope I will be able to go to the birthday party tonight."

2)"Shall i walk you home?" "I don't mind if you do, but you don't [….]."
(A)have to do
(B)have to do so
(C)have to walk me home
If "walking home" is not understood , which one is correct(A ,B , C or both )?
The problem lies in the part of "I don't mind if you do". Suppose C is chosen. And let's your coordinated sentence into two separate simple sentences. Then, we get "I don't mind if you do. But you don't have to walk me home", but this makes no sense.

3)John said that he had to run in order to catch a bus. Sometimes I see "in order" followed by "that". If "in order that" exists, can you give me an example to show me how to use this phrase?
"John said he had to run in order that he could catch a bus."

5) The speaker found himself leaving all alone.
We can say "I saw a boy eating an apple." and "I saw a boy eat an apple" to express different meaning. Then why can't we say "The speaker found himself leave all alone?
This question is tough to answer. "I saw a boy eat an apple" means "I saw the whole process in which a boy ate an apple". This kind of construction is only allowed to certain perception verbs like "see", "hear", "watch", "look at", "observe", "watch". These verbs have senses of durative activity when they are used in this construction. But the action "find" is instantaneous. I think this might be one of the reasons why "find" cannot go with bare infinitives.

paco
Comments  
1) I hope to the birthday party tonight.

(a) I' shall able to come

(b)to be able to come <<answer

B is correct. After the verb “hope” it’s almost always followed by infinitive. If this sentence structure is too complex, you can replace with “ I can come”.

A is incorrect because “shall” is less in intension to come. Also “able” must be used with a “be” which is missing.

2)"Shall i walk you home?" "I don't mind if you do ,but you don't D is correct ."

(a)have to do

(b)have to do so

(c)have to walk me home

(d)have to <<answer

In this context, “walking home is already understood. Therefore it needs not to be repeated.

3)John said that he had to run in order A is correct .

Because “in oder” is always followed by to + verb

(a) to catch the bus <<answer

(b)that he can catch a bus << in order that -clause =in order todo something?

4)The heavy rain had kept us for 2 hours.

I think this sentence can be improved by using “past perfect” tense because the rain lasted 2 hours; during which you were stuck waiting. If there is question about P.P. tense, post it here. We can have another discussion. A- is correct. “Waiting” is used as a participle adjective clause to describe the action. This type of structure can be used to describe the “how”, “what”, “where” and “when”.

(a)waiting <<answer

(b)to wait

5) the speaker found himself Leaving all alone.

(a)leave << "find" is a prrceptive word, can't it use with a Bare Infinitive?

(b)leaving <<answer

The explanation is the same as # 4. “leaving” is used as an adjective. “leaving all alone” is an adjective clause; modifying the main sentence.
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1) I hope shall be able to go to the birthday party tonight. << Is it right?

2)"Shall i walk you home?" "I don't mind if you do ,but you don't D is correct ."

(a)have to do

(b)have to do so

(c)have to walk me home

In this context, “walking home is already understood. Therefore it needs not to be repeated.

If "walking home" is not understood , which one is correct(A ,B , C or both )?

3)John said that he had to run in order to catch a bus.

Because “in oder” is always followed by to + verb

sometimes i see "in order" followed by that. If "in order that" exists, can you give me an example to show me how to use this phrase?

5) the speaker found himself Leaving all alone.

(a)leave

we can say "I saw a boy eating an apple." and "I saw a boy eat an apple" to express different meaning. Then why can't we say "The speaker found himself leave all alone?

Thank a lots.
 paco2004's reply was promoted to an answer.
i understand now,thank you.
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