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Here's the sentence:

Jack hopes to join the Army next month.

Answer: an infinitive phrase used as a direct object.

I defined it as: an adverb infinitive phrase used to modify the verb "hope".

I see the verb "hope' as an intransitive verb. From what I learned, an intransitive verb doesn't have a direct object to recieve the action of the verb, rather it's used, for example, with prepostions to connect with the other parts of a sentence, exmaple:

He waited for her for a long time.

Not:

He waited her a long time.

As it is with "hope":

He hopes for the best result. (intransitive verb. for the best result modifying the verb "hopes" telling how)

Not:

He hopes the best result. (the best result being the direct objective)

Would someone clarify this? Either there's misinformation in the grammar book or I was mistaken somewhere along the way? Thanks.

Raen
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A phone conversation:
A: I hope...(trails off)
B: What do you hope?
A: I hope to see you soon!

B did not say "How do you hope?" B said "What do you hope?"

It requires an object - it's not an intransitive verb in this case. So the infinitive is a noun phrase, and is the direct object of hope. It is what is hoped for.

Does that make any sense?

A: I saw him trying...
B: What did you see him trying to do?
A: I saw him desperately (how he was trying) trying to open the trunk (what he was trying to do).
Comments  
Within 2 minutes of the previous post, I ran into this one:

I saw him trying to open the trunk.

Answer:

trying to open the trunk is a participial phrase modifying the direct object him/to open the trunk is a noun infinitive phrase used as the direct object to the verbal trying

I have no problem with the first part of the answer, but can someone explain the 2nd part?

For this one, my answer is in accordance with the grammar book's:

Jim loves to play basketball.

Answer: to play basketball is a noun infinitive phrase used as the direct object

Regards

Raen
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 BarbaraPA's reply was promoted to an answer.
Thank you GG, it's sinking in.

I have always thought one of the "characteristics" of an intransitive verb is that it have no direct object recieving the action of the verb because it's "intercepted" by a preposition or an infinitive "to". Wrong definition/concept then..........Emotion: sad

Thank you so much.

Raen
The infinitive also can be considered as a adverbial modifier in "I hope to see you soon", right?  

Bill
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