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Please tell me which sentence is correct - I say the first but my teacher says the second. Please help!!

Developing and maintaining positive relationships with families and the community is essential in promoting academic success.

Developing and maintaining positive relationships with families and the community are essential in promoting academic success.
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Your teacher is right.

Developing and maintaining positive relationships with families and the community are essential in promoting academic success.
NikkoPlease tell me which sentence is correct - I say the first but my teacher says the second. Please help!!

Developing and maintaining positive relationships with families and the community is essential in promoting academic success.

Developing and maintaining positive relationships with families and the community are essential in promoting academic success.

This is a duplicate post, and the question has been already answered.
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And I would also suggest that either the singular or plural verb form can be used, depending on the speaker's concept: whether 'developing and maintaining' represents a single process or two discrete steps.

(Sorry, I didn't see the other response, Rishonly. When you come upon such, could you provide a link if possible?)
Mister MicawberAnd I would also suggest that either the singular or plural verb form can be used, depending on the speaker's concept: whether 'developing and maintaining' represents a single process or two discrete steps.

(Sorry, I didn't see the other response, Rishonly. When you come upon such, could you provide a link if possible?)

Infact, I thought of that, MM. Sure, I will do it in the future.
But if you reword it:

It is essential to develop and maintain positive relationships with families and the community in promoting academic success - "is" rather than "are" seems right. The verb should agree with the subject, no? And in this case the subject is "developing and maintaining" or "it" if reworded. Or am I missing a basic rule?

Thanks, I've never had much formal grammar training and usually rely on what sounds right. "Are" sounds awkward to me.
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It is essential to develop and maintain positive relationships with families and the community in promoting academic success.
You are indeed correct, but this sentence is not really comparable to the original; you are more than rewording-- you are restructuring here, Nikko. Now, the introductory it is the subject with which the singular verb is agrees, and, rearranged (To develop and maintain positive relationships with families and the community is essential in promoting academic success), the nonfinite clause equally becomes the singular subject of is.
developing and maintaining - I think you are right and your teacher is wrong. If you look at developing and maintaing as a single action, anyway. which it isn't, really, but you are referring to a kind of compound action - developing and maintaining. If you said "the activities of maintaining and developing..." you would have to say are. But you are actually saying, effectively, developing-and-maintaining. Anyway, I'm not totally sure, but I think YOU are right and your teacher is wrong. It happens.
NikkoPlease tell me which sentence is correct - I say the first but my teacher says the second. Please help!!

Developing and maintaining positive relationships with families and the community is essential in promoting academic success.

Developing and maintaining positive relationships with families and the community are essential in promoting academic success.

What is essential in promoting academic success? The answer is, "developing and maintaining positive relathionships..." We have a compound subject.

Then I think the right verb is "are". it's is a complex sentence, isn't it?
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