Johnny returned from Iwo Jima a different man.

Johnny returned from Iwo Jima, a different man.

Johnny killed her wife after returned from the war a mentally sickness person.

Amy purchased a luxury racecar a richest lady.

1) Which is / are grammatically correct?

2) What are these sentence structure?
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EngBBJohnny returned from Iwo Jima a different man.
Correct. Return is an intransitive verb. The predicate nominative phrase, "a different man" renames the subject, (Johnny)

Compare with return used as a transitive verb:

Johnny returned the letter.

Letter is the object of the verb, return.

You cannot use a verb as both transitive and intransitive in the same sentence.

EngBBJohnny killed her wife after returned from the war a mentally sickness person.
Johnny killed his wife after he returned from the war with a mental illness.

Johnny killed his wife after he returned mentally ill from the war.

EngBBAmy purchased a luxury racecar a richest lady.
Amy purchased a luxury race car. (purchase is always transitive).

You can write:

Amy, a rich lady, purchased a luxury race car.

Amy, the richest lady in the town, purchased a luxury race car.
hi, AlpheccaStars

Can I say like these:

He recovered from his serious sickness a healthy man.

He recovered his wallet a happy man.
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Johnny returned from Iwo Jima a different man.

Can I rewrite it like this:

A different man, Johnny, returned from Iwo Jima.
Not really. I would phrase these in a different way.

He was a healthy man after he recovered from his serious sickness.

He was a happy man when he recovered his wallet.
EngBBA different man, Johnny, returned from Iwo Jima.
No. It has a different meaning.

You can say: When Johnny returned from Iwo Jima, he was a different man.
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but recover can be intransitive verb. How would you explain it?
This sentence with return is somewhat idiomatic.

It is clear that he literally did not return "a different man" (as direct object) because the literal interpretation makes no sense. He returned in a transformed or changed state.

With recover, it is common to say:

He recovered his strength after a long illness.

He recovered his health after a long illness.
EngBBJohnny returned from Iwo Jima a different man.
By the way, if you want a fancy term for this, "a different man" in this sentence is called a subject-oriented depictive secondary predication. Emotion: surprise

The idea is: When Johnny returned from Iwo Jima, he was a different (=changed) man.

There is usually a temporal element in these.

We swam nude. = When we swam, we were nude.

She left the meeting disappointed. = When she left the meeting, she was disappointed.

We arrived ready to participate in the discussion.

= When we arrived, we were ready to participate in the discussion.

An NP (noun phrase), as in your example (a different man), is a bit less usual in this pattern than an AP (adjective phrase), as in my examples above.

See Secondary predicate

CJ
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