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Hi ,

It doesn't work and its not working

What is the difference between these two.

its done and its has been done - what is the difference between these two.

The knowledge transfer is completed and the knowledge transfer has been completed.

What is the difference

Thanks
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Hi,

It doesn't work and its not working

It doesn't work. This refers to the past, now and the future.

It's not working. This refers to the present time, now.

What is the difference between these two.

its done and its has been done - what is the difference between these two.

Let me begin by asking you about simpler examples. Do you know the difference between these?

Dinner is cooked.

Dinner has been cooked.

The knowledge transfer is completed and the knowledge transfer has been completed. Let's just talk about the dinner example first.

What is the difference

Best wishes, Clive

.
I am not a native speaker , Hence i don't really know

Please you help me understand this difference.

Thanks
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Hi,

You need to begin by studying the difference between active and passive voice. Here is an example.

Active voice. Mary cooked dinner.

Passive voice. Dinner was cooked (by Mary).

The best way to do this is to sit down and look at a good grammar book. If you don't have one, you could search the forum here for the terms 'passive' or 'passive voice' and you will find a lot of discussions.

After you do that, please ask again if you still have questions.

Happy New Year, Clive
Thanks CJ,

I read come of the book and understood the passive voice.

"The john has thrown the ball" Active

The ball has been thrown - passive

I have resolve the issue -active

The issue has been resolved -passive

But people also say "the issue is resolve"

Hence my question is

what is the difference between the usage of "the issue has been resolved" and "the issue is resolved"

Thanks!
Thanks CJ,

CJ is not participating in this thread.
Please note carefully who you are talking to in these threads.
Thanks.

CJ
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Hi again,

my question is

what is the difference between the usage of "the issue has been resolved" and "the issue is resolved"

I'd like to quote a few sentences about the passive from a favourite book called 'Teaching Tenses', by Rosemary Aitken.

In all passives, the past participle forms a kind of adjectival construction, and in simple forms it is difficult to determine where adjectives begin and passives stop. The window is broken for instance has two meanings. It can describe an ongoing state, or a repeated process. . . . . The state is usually regarded as an adjective, the repeated process as a passive.

eg The window is broken every week, because a vandal throws a rock through it every week. This is a repeated process.

eg The door is OK, but look, the window is broken. This describes the state of the window.

Your sentence "the issue is resolved" is similar in structure to 'The window is broken'. Depending on the context, it can be seen as describing a state or a process.

Let's turn to the perfect passive. eg The window has been fixed. This means that someone has fixed the glass in the window, and now the window is OK.

Your sentence "the issue has been resolved" thus means that someone has resolved, by their actions, the issue in the period leading up to the time of speaking.

Consider this conversation.

A: The issue about taxes has been resolved, by getting all the people involved to compromise. (This refers to the actions that have lead to the resolution of the issue.)

B: Oh, good, I was worried about that issue. I'm glad that it is resolved. (This refers adjectivally to the state of the issue.)

Do you have any more questions arising from this?

Best wishes, Clive
The reports are developed -> does this describe the state here?

when you say state , that means it also shows the action

the car is washed .The car can't wash it self.hence it shows the action.some one washed the car.

so "the car is washed" .Now when i say "The car has been washed" both show the action .

for ex: The file is copied - it shows the state . the report is generated -this shows state.

secondly ., which is correct . the reports are developed .or the reports have been developed

som people say "reports are developed" some say "the reports have been developed:

Please explain
Quick Question:

The repors are developed and the reports have been developed.

I know "the reports are developed" shows the state

and "reports have been developed" shows some one developed with action.

But my question is the reports can't be completed it self.Some one completed

so "The reports are developed " also shows the action

can you explain more and let us know which is more correct to use.

Some people say "the reports are developed" some say "reports have been developed"

which is correct.
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