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Hi teachers,

As the global recession took hold, credit dried up and governments cut subsidies, most notably in Spain where the world's largest subsidy program blew up after spurring nearly 10 times the growth it had intended. When Spain capped it last year,....

1. Does "it" refer to "growth"?

2. Would you tell me why "it had intended" is needed and not "it intended"? Thank you.

Regards,

TN
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Hi Tinanam0102

You asked about the word "it", but you also underlined "it" twice, and "it" refers to different things in each case.
Here is my opinion:

"it had intended"
it = the (Spanish) government
The past perfect was used because the intention referred to is connected to the establishment of subsidies, and that preceded the actual growth as well as the subsequent cutting/capping of subsidies. (The Spanish government had new/different intentions when it cut the subsidies.)

"it" (the second one)
It would have been easier to say what "it" refers to if you had included the rest of the sentence, but I guess that "it" probably refers to subsidies or the growth created by subsidy program.
Comments  
Hi Yankee,

Thank you for your help. This is the whole excerpt.

As the global recession took hold, credit dried up and governments cut subsidies, most notably in Spain where the world's largest subsidy program blew up after spurring nearly 10 times the growth it had intended. When Spain capped it last year, the world's second-biggest solar market collapsed - and so has the price of solar panels, down percent in 2009.

Could I ask if the second "it" refers to "growth", and not "subsidies"? Thanks.

Regards,

Tinanam