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Hi ! I'm an English teacher in Indonesia. I always have difficulties in explaining my student about those tenses. Most of the students are confused on how to differentiate and decide when they have to use one of the tenses correctly. I usually use the time line to explain the tenses, but since our native language doesn't use any tenses so it's very hard for the students to "digest" the tenses.
I hope someone whose experiences in teaching EFL could share his/her strategy. Thank you for your kindness....
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English tenses are too broad a subject to be dealt with in detail here but here's something to get you started http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/presentperfect.html (you can find links to the other tenses you're interested in on that page)

Don't be discouraged though. English tenses are probably the most difficult point of English grammar because there are so freakin' many of them. Even native speakers will not always agree on which tense to use in a given situation (especially if those speakers come from, say, the US and Britain). It will take a lot of effort on both your part and your students' part to master English tenses, but, provided you put in a lot of work, you'll eventually get there.

btw, welcome to English forums!
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new_beeHi ! I'm an English teacher in Indonesia. I always have difficulties in explaining my student about those tenses. Most of the students are confused on how to differentiate and decide when they have to use one of the tenses correctly. I usually use the time line to explain the tenses, but since our native language doesn't use any tenses so it's very hard for the students to "digest" the tenses. I hope someone whose experiences in teaching EFL could share his/her strategy. Thank you for your kindness..
Me Nilkantha Bhusal from Nepal also an English teacher in college.

So far as English is not my native lg what I read in my school and now as an English teacher in EFL,there is a reference of time with simple past eg. I passed my MA in 2000(simple past) where as there is no reference of time with present perfect eg Ihave passed my MA. Likewise we can see "effect" of past action in the use of present perfect tense whereas we don't see effect in simple past tense. eg. I cut my finger(there is no wound or blood at the time of speaking) and I have cut my finger( there is still wound and blood that you can see in the finger). Are you clear if not lets share in the days to come. Nilkantha Bhusal

Kathmandu -Nepal
Emotion: smileThank you for your support, it means a lot to me ( and my students). yeah, even though it's hard to learn but it's worth to try.