By the time she was three, Matilda had taught herself to read by studying newspapers and magazines lay around the house.

The intransitive use of lie is confusing to me. The verb lie has only the intransitive usage and not transitive, doesn't it? This is very confusing. It seems to me that 'lay' can be changed to are lain. Is it right? If so, how the intranstive verb can have the passive form?

e.g. He appreared on TV yesterday. (O) He was appeared on TV yesterday.(X) [An intransitive verb appear can not be passivisation.]
Sir,

The verb "lie" can be used as "Transiitive" & "Intransitive" both.
Hi, swapnilsoni. Thank you for your answer.

I didn't know lie is both transitive and intransitive verb.

I double checked it with other dictionaries. But, I didn't find any intransitive form.

Can you give me any example?
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He is lying on the floor - (lie-intransitive use)

Lie (Present form)

Lay (Past)

Lain (Past participle)

I think in the sentence given by you in place of "lay", "lying" should be used.
By the time she was three, Matilda had taught herself to read by studying newspapers and magazines lay around the house.

You mean lying should be used instead of 'lay' above sentence?

'lay' is correct form there according to the source I brought.

You mean both lying and lay are correct? or lying is more correct?
Wait, let's back up a bit.

Lie/lay/lain/lying is intransitive.

Magazines lie on the floor.

Yesterday a magazine lay on the floor.

That magazine has lain on the floor for a week.

That magazine has been lying on the floor for a week.

Lay/laid/laid/laying is transitive.

Please lay this magazine on the table.

Yesterday I laid a magazine on the bed.

I have always laid my magazines on the bed.

Stop laying your magazines on the bed!

After you lay a magazine someplace, the magazine just lies there.

moon7296By the time she was three, Matilda had taught herself to read by studying newspapers and magazines lay around the house.
...by studying newspapers and magazines that lay around the house.

...by studying newspapers and magazines that were lying around the house.

(These are both forms of the intransitive verb "lie".)

Does that help?
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swapnilsoniSir,
The verb "lie" can be used as "Transiitive" & "Intransitive" both.
No! Only intransitive. Emotion: smile

CJ
Thank you for all contributors^^

Khoff, you gave two possible examples.

1. ...by studying newspapers and magazines that lay around the house.

2. ...by studying newspapers and magazines that were lying around the house

I don't know how the source I brought the sentence gives wrong information. i.e. how come it omits 'that' like No.1.

One more thing: since 'lie' is only intransitive, it does not have the passive voice, does it?( ~~ that were lain (xxxx))

Thank you
moon7296since 'lie' is only intransitive, it does not have the passive voice
Correct.

moon7296that were lain
No such thing. If you see this, it is a mistake.

Active Passive

He lies there. ---

He lay there. ---

He has lain there. ---

He lays it there. It is laid there.

He laid it there. It was laid there.

He has laid it there. It has been laid there.

CJ
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