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Hi,

I don't understand the meaning of the only way to avoid a trial is to plead guilty.

What does it mean? If someone pleads guilty there would be no trial? Here is more text in this regard:

"Do you agree that we need to ask for a change of venue ( of trial)?"

"No. If I have to do it, I want my trial to be right here."

"Oh, you have to, Pete. The only way to avoid a trial is to plead guilty."

Your comments would be highly appreciated.

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anonymousI don't understand the meaning of the only way to avoid a trial is to plead guilty.

The purpose of a trial is twofold, first and primarily, to determine the guilt or innocence of the defendant, and second, to determine the punishment if the defendant is guilty.

If the defendant tells the authorities, "I am guilty." (This is what "pleading guilty" is.), then a trial has no primary purpose. Further, when a defendant pleads guilty, it is usually in the context of negotiating a punishment (presumably far less than they would have gotten in a trial). This is called "plea bargaining."

With plea bargaining, a trial has no purpose, so it is not scheduled at all. The defendant avoids going through a trial.

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Thanks for the extremely helpful reply. Now what I don't understand is the relationship of changing the venue of trial in this context. further comments would be highly appreciated.

There are two ways to avoid having a trial in a particular location (where the jury will be chosen from the local people and presumably will be prejudiced).

1. Request a change of venue (the trial will be moved to a different location, some distance away)
2. Plead guilty and negotiate the punishment.

Thanks. I sincerely appreciate your reply. Can I take that in the absence of pleading guilty, there would be a trial even in the changed venue?

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