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His compliments had seemed to him to be merely the charming exaggerations of friendship.

Why the word 'mere' is not adjective?
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Merely means only, simply.

You don't have to leave. I merely asked what time it was.
Thank you myprofe,

Why I cannot use the adjective 'mere' in the above sentence?
Students: Are you brave enough to let our tutors analyse your pronunciation?
His compliments had seemed to him to be mere the charming exaggerations of friendship.

Thank you Profe,

Why cannot I use the adjective 'mere' in the above sentence?

Can I say:

John is to be successful.

once again thank you
I am appreciative any body can answer my questions. Your help is important to me.
Merely is a adverb. He is merely a man.

Mere is an adjective. He is a mere man.

In your sentence merely goes with 'to be' so you need the adverb.
Students: We have free audio pronunciation exercises.
Thank you nona,

Can I say:

John is to be successful.

John is to be successfully.

Which is correct? and why?
Thank you nona,

Can I say:

John is to be successful.

John is to be successfully.

Which is correct? and why?
Only the first is correct.

John is successful (adjective meaning 'gaining or having gained success')

John is to be successfully is not a complete sentence. Successfully is an adverb so it needs a verb to modify. John is to be successfully operated on. John is to be successfully beaten. However, you can't predict the success of an action can you, perhaps the operation or the beating will not be a success. So you can't really say anything 'will be successfully'. We can say John was successfully operated on. John was successfully beaten.

I suggest that you go and check out the difference between adverbs and adjectives in more detail. There isn't any point in just posting a hundred questions on the same theme if you are not grasping the principles behind the answers. Which adverb and adjective you ask about is not relevant. The rules will always be the same.

What is it about the difference between adverbs and adjectives that you find difficult to understand. If you can tell us that then we can try to find an effective way to explain them to you. You also might find this post useful Adjective and Adverb as it discusses the difference between the two.
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