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1. Is 'merit' approving and 'deserve' disapproving?

2. Does the word 'panel' imply that a people group which is void of power, of relatively transient/transitory existence, relatively small in size?

In/By contrast, the word 'council' suggest that a people group has substantial real power, exists in a fixed period of time, relatively large in size?
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Anonymous1. Is 'merit' approving and 'deserve' disapproving?
As verbs, they're synonymous. "To merit/deserve the appointment" is "to be worthy of the appointment."
As a noun, if you say something has merit, that means you approve of it.
"Deserve" doesn't work as a noun.
"Disapproving" doesn't seem to fit in anywhere here. Emotion: shake

Concerning the difference between a panel and a council, none of your suggested descriptors apply, IMHO.
We would say "a three-judge panel," not a three-judge council."
But my American Heritage Dictionary "Usage Panel" comprises over 200 members.
Perhaps the average Council is larger than the average panel. I'm not sure.
The United Nations Security Council is definitely smaller than the UN General Assembly.

An "advisory panel" might not seem to have much power compared to the City Council, but some panels decide life-and-death matters.
I don't think you can generalize. They're just convenient names, in my opinion.
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Hi,

I came across this and wondering if the 2 questions are grammatically correct. I'm not convinced.

Does the word 'panel' imply that a people group which is void of power, of relatively transient/transitory existence, relatively small in size?

In/By contrast, the word 'council' suggest that a people group has substantial real power, exists in a fixed period of time, relatively large in size?

Thanks
Anonymous1. Is 'merit' approving and 'deserve' disapproving?
This question is grammatically correct. Is July hot and February cold? .
Anonymous2. Does the word 'panel' imply that a people group which is void of power, of relatively transient/transitory existence, relatively small in size?
This question needs a verb in the "that" clause.

It should be, "Does the word 'panel' imply that a people group . . . . . . . is relatively small in size?