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Apologies up front for a long post, but I am trying to improve my gerund knowledge and I need some guidance please.


Part 1 - Can you please confirm if these sentences are correct and their meaning:

  1. I enjoy flying to see my mother. - A simple statement saying that I enjoy traveling via plane/helicopter to see my mother rather than for example doing a "driving" activity.

  2. I am happy to fly to see my mother. - A confirmation statement confirming that I am happy to fly to see my mother.

  3. I am happy about having flown to see my mother. - A statement describing an action that happened in the past that relates to now.

  4. I am happy to have flown to see my mother. - Same meaning as #3?

  5. I am happy to have been flown to see my mother. - A statement stating that someone one or/and a thing did the action by flying me to see my mother.


Part 2 - What is the difference between these three examples (specifically with gerund and prepositions):

  1. She enjoys learning English. - A general statement about an action that is happening in the current time. it's unclear if it's happening at exact moment thought.

  2. She enjoys having learned English. - Something happened before now.

  3. She enjoys having been taught English. - She enjoys that someone taught her English in the past.

  4. She is happy about learning English. - Similar to #1? If so, what is the difference?

  5. She is happy about having learned English. - Similar to #2? If so, what is the difference?

  6. She is happy about having been taught English. - Similar to #3? If so, what is the difference?

  7. She is enjoying learning English. - Similar to #1? If so, what is the difference?

  8. She enjoyed having learned English. - Does it mean that she is no longer alive? Or does it mean both actions completed in the past?

  9. She enjoyed being taught English. - Similar to #8 but someone taught her in the past.

Cheers

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ZybastekI enjoy flying to see my mother.

It is not very idiomatic.

I enjoy taking a flight to see my mother. - You enjoy the experience of being in an airplane. There is not an implication of a comparison to other modes of transport.

I prefer flying to driving when I travel to my mother's house. - You would rather travel by air.

ZybastekI am happy to fly to see my mother.

It is unusual. It sounds like there is some controversy about visiting your mother or not.

e.g.

Susie: You haven't seen mother in over two years. She misses you. I think you do not enjoy going to see her. Please book a flight.

Joe: Ok, I'd be happy to fly to see her. When are you going?

ZybastekI am happy about having flown to see my mother.

That's fine.

You have arrived and are talking about your trip.

ZybastekI am happy to have flown to see my mother. - Same meaning as #3?

Not as idiomatic. Strange.

ZybastekI am happy to have been flown to see my mother

Very strange. Not idiomatic.

If you had chartered a private jet, it would be said differently.

I was happy to pay the price of a private jet to see Mom.

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ZybastekShe enjoys learning English.

It is not time specific. It is just something she enjoys doing.

I enjoy taking exotic trips to foreign lands.

I enjoy watching tennis matches.

If you want the present time, use the progressive:

She is enjoying learning English. (She is taking classes now and so far, the experience has been good.)

ZybastekShe enjoys having learned English.

Rather dubious. This is a better example:

Having learned English, she enjoys watching Hollywood movies without subtitles.

ZybastekShe is happy about learning English. - Similar to #1? If so, what is the difference?

She is happy that she is enrolled in English classes. The teacher is good. She feels like she is making progress.

ZybastekShe is happy about having learned English. - Similar to #2? If so, what is the difference?

Unnatural.

She is happy that she learned English.

ZybastekShe is happy about having been taught English. - Similar to #3? If so, what is the difference?

Completely unnatural.

She is happy that Mrs. Jones taught her English.

ZybastekShe is enjoying learning English.

See comments above.

ZybastekShe enjoyed having learned English.

Unnatural. Perhaps ungrammatical combination of verb forms.

ZybastekShe enjoyed being taught English.

OK,. Her English classes were enjoyable, especially since she loved her teacher.