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Please see the following sentence:

The decision by nation's largest bank to admit to $2 billion in potential losses could mean less lending by commercial banks to developing countries and (increasing the pressure)/(increased pressure) on lenders to supply the funds.

Both - increasing the pressure and increased pressure, are participial phrases (one present participle and the other past participle). So, how do I decide which of these is better in this situation.

Also, what kind of a structure is "less lending"? 'less' is obviously adjective but how about 'lending'? Doesn't look like a participle.

Thanks,
Bharosey.
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rambharoseyThe decision by nation's largest bank to admit to $2 billion in potential losses could mean less lending by commercial banks to developing countries and (increasing the pressure)/(increased pressure) on lenders to supply the funds.

Also, what kind of a structure is "less lending"? 'less' is obviously adjective but how about 'lending'? Doesn't look like a participle.

Lending is a noun (gerund), and less is an adjective.

I would use increased pressure. Pressure is a noun and it fits better as the direct object:

The decision could mean increased pressure on lenders.

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Thanks for your reply. Its clear now.