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"The government has apparently judged it necessary for Japan to set an emissions reduction goal."

Why there isn't a "is" between "it" and "necessary"? Isn't it suppose to be like : the government has judged it is necessary for ....

is the "necessary" in this sentence is an "adverb", or "adject"?
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With certain verbs, like judge, deem, find, consider, etc., you place necessary (or other adjectives) right after the object without a form of to be, like is or are.
The government [judged / deemed / found / considered / thought / believed / ...] it [necessary / useful / important / ...] for Japan to set this goal.
So no, it's not supposed to be judged it is necessary.

CJ
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Thank you for your help CJ.

what about :

The government judged that it is necessary for Japan to set this goal...

?
akdomwhat about :

The government judged that it is necessary for Japan to set this goal...
Yes. In fact, you can use this as well. In fact, you can use it without that, as you suggested in your first post.
judged it necessary, judged that it is necessary, judged it is necessary are all possible. The first is best, in my opinion, and the last, worst.

CJ