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Australia is located in a region which includes the politically,economically and strategically significant countrys of East Asia, South Asia, the Indian Ocean and many newly independent nations of the South Pacific.

i want to know if "politically, economically and strategically significant" is used to describe both "countrys of East Asia, South Asia, the Indian Ocean" and "many newly independant nations of the South pacific"or just the former. please explain your opinion using either grammatical or background knowledge. thank you very much!
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Well, Mashmellow, you have a few problems here.

Countries is spelled with an -ies ending.

East Asia, South Asia, and the Indian Ocean are not countries. They can considered regions or areas, if you like, but not countries. And I can see you don't want to say regions because you used it already in the sentence, but in any case, you can't use countries.

Assuming you did want the significance to attach to the newly independent nations, you can't really say "significant countries of many newly independent nations." However, grammatically speaking, without an "and" before "the Indian Ocean," your reader would assume that what came next was part of the same list, which in this case is significant countries.
Grammar GeekWell, Mashmellow, you have a few problems here.

Countries is spelled with an -ies ending.

East Asia, South Asia, and the Indian Ocean are not countries. They can considered regions or areas, if you like, but not countries. And I can see you don't want to say regions because you used it already in the sentence, but in any case, you can't use countries.

I read it as:

"the countries belonging to the regions of East Asia, South Asia, and the Indian Ocean"
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Perhaps. But at the risk of being called an ugly American, are ALL the countries in East Asia, South Asia, and the Indian Ocean poticially, economically, and strategically important, as is implied by that interpretation?
Grammar GeekPerhaps. But at the risk of being called an ugly American, are ALL the countries in East Asia, South Asia, and the Indian Ocean poticially, economically, and strategically important, as is implied by that interpretation?

Is it the grammar you have been asked to comment on, or the politics of the language used?
Mashmellow please explain your opinion using either grammatical or background knowledge. thank you very much!

But the fact is, the GRAMMAR of the sentence sets up that interpretation. Is it correct? Is that what he'd intended? I don't know. But if it's not what he intended, then it needs to be rewritten.

You know, it's pretty hard for me to lose my patience, but I think you'd argue with God. And then post five different posts from Google to justify your position with double space so you'll be sure to use the entire page.
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Grammar Geek
Mashmellow
please explain your opinion using either grammatical or background knowledge. thank you very much!

You know, it's pretty hard for me to lose my patience, but I think you'd argue with God. And then post five different posts from Google to justify your position with double space so you'll be sure to use the entire page.

Hey, you are under no obligation to read or reply to my posts. citing used examples is a part of what it is all about. If you don't like it, don't read it.
MashmellowAustralia is located in a region which includes the politically,economically and strategically significant countrys of East Asia, South Asia, the Indian Ocean and many newly independent nations of the South Pacific.

i want to know if "politically, economically and strategically significant" is used to describe both "countrys of East Asia, South Asia, the Indian Ocean" and "many newly independant nations of the South pacific"or just the former. please explain your opinion using either grammatical or background knowledge. thank you very much!

If you mean that only a section of countries in those regions are "politically,economically and strategically significant", try omitting the article before "countries":

Australia is located in a region which includes politically,economically and strategically significant countries of East Asia, South Asia, the Indian Ocean and many newly independent nations of the South Pacific