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A person I know says, "She is one of the most beautiful girls" is an illogical English expression. Accordingly to him, the most beautiful girl is only one existence.

My opinion is negative. I don't think it is an illogical English expression.

What do you think?

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SnappyI don't think it is an illogical English expression.

It's not illogical. "one of the most ..." is fine because 'most' is not a comparative superlative here but what's called an absolute superlative. That is, 'most' becomes in effect 'very' in that expression.

The absolute superlative is non-comparative. It "stresses an exceptional property without making a direct comparison".

https://www.definitions.net/definition/absolute+superlative

CJ

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SnappyWhat do you think?

I agree with him because my wife might see this, and she is the one and only most beautiful girl in the world (hi, honey). Just kidding. Not really. But it is not illogical. You could say she is one of the more beautiful girls, but that would mean something different, something a bit less complimentary to her. She can be one of the beautiful girls, your friend must admit, but even among beautiful girls there are degrees of excellence, and there will be a handful that are far superior to the others, the most beautiful ones.

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CalifJim
SnappyI don't think it is an illogical English expression.

It's not illogical. "one of the most ..." is fine because 'most' is not a comparative superlative here but what's called an absolute superlative. That is, 'most' becomes in effect 'very' in that expression.

The absolute superlative is non-comparative. It "stresses an exceptional property without making a direct comparison".

https://www.definitions.net/definition/absolute+superlative

CJ

I see what you mean. According to Cambridge Dictionary,

very:
It was a most beautiful morning.


So, "There are three most beautiful girls in our class. You are one of them (the three most beautiful girls in our class)" is possible, and "three most beautiful girls" means "three very beautiful girls." Am I correct?

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Yes, that's correct.

CJ