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Attributing the success to the security forces, the army’s spokesman said that the journey from terrorism to tourism was “backed by the entire nation and achieved unparalleled success at a monumental cost "paid in men and material".

what is the definition of underline phrase "paid in men and material". Also I need the source of definition of underline phrase

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In the phrase "paid in X", X is the thing expended. In the simple case, this is money, or a currency. For example, "I paid in dollars". In your example it is not money per se that was expended, but "men and material".

Comments  
nasir khanwhat is the definition of underline phrase "paid in men and material".

Say please.

The speaker seems to be saying that they expended the men. I suppose he is referring to the men that died fighting terrorism. It seems a rather callous way of putting it, lumping men and material together as something to spend.

That "in" is seen in "paid in cash" or "paid in rupees" or even "paid in blood". It specifies what you expend.

"6. a. By means of: paid in cash." (AHD)

https://www.ahdictionary.com/word/search.html?q=in