In his meeting at the Vatican, Mr Bush presented the Pope with the American Medal of Freedom, calling him a "son of Poland who became the Bishop of Rome and a hero of our time".

The Pope, who has Parkinson's Disease, struggled to speak clearly as he addressed the US president.

He reiterated the Vatican's opposition to the war in Iraq and said everyone wanted the situation to be normalised as quickly as possible "with the active participation of the international community and in particular the United Nations".

He added: "In the past few weeks other deplorable events have come to light which have troubled the civic and religious conscience of all, and made more difficult a serene and resolute commitment to shared human values: in the absence of such a commitment neither war nor terrorism will ever be overcome."

The Pope did, however, praise Mr Bush's "commitment to the promotion of moral values in American society, particularly with regard to respect for life and the family".

I have learnt to write 'participate in' not 'particiipate of'. You will read the words 'participation of' in the above. Is it correct?
"The United Nations will participate IN the normalisation of the situation."
"We expect the participation OF the United Nations IN the normalisation of the situation."

You are right. Both the verb (participate) and the noun (participation) are followed by IN, as in the examples above. You participate in something, your participation in something is expected.

The use of "of" in the text refers to the participants, to who will participate. It is an example of the possesive case. Instead of saying:
"The United Nations' participation IN something" (notice the apostrophe)
what is called "periphrastic genitive" is used:
"The participation OF the United Nations IN something"

I hope that makes sense. If it doesn't, hopefully someone else will be able to put it more easily.


I deeply respect to your knowledge of English grammar. You gave me a wonderful answer. You are very clever.
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I think the meaning of something should be clarified as this word is repeated several times.
We're all clever in our own way, Andrei Emotion: smile
And you're welcome. Glad to have been of help.

"something" was used for two reasons:
1. In order to avoid typing "the normalisation of the situation... blah blah" a million times;
2. just to fill a "slot" in which you can place any other suitable word or construction.

Miriam, I am not a perfect person. There are things I wish I didn't say.
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None of us is expected to be perfect, Maj. That's good news Emotion: smile

Remember that cliché that "the only stupid question is that which remains unasked"? I think what it says is true. I often ask lots of questions myself, about everything.

Very much so.