+0
I have been learning how to use participle phrases properly. I was told that I should be careful when using participles and to-infinitives. Can anyone tell me how to understand the sentences below? Why one is right, and the other wrong? Thank you!

1.To breathe the fresh air, she felt all her stress melt away. []

Breathing the fresh air, she felt all her stress melt away. [O]

2. Breathing fresh air, she wanted to get out of the stuffy room. []

To breathe fresh air, she wanted to get out of the stuffy room. [O]
+0
1. While she was doing something, in this case breathing fresh air, she felt her stress melt away. She breathed fresh air and felt her stress melt away at the same time.

2. Breathing fresh air, she wanted to get out of the stuffy room.
The sentence is grammatically correct but it doesn't makse sense. It says that someone was in a stuffy room, yet breathing fresh air in it. The air in a stuffy room isn't fresh!Emotion: smile The infinitive (to breather) gives a reasonwhy she wanted to get out of the stuffy room: to breathe fresh air. Infinitives very often suggest a reason:

I bought a dictionary [in order / so as] to learn German.

CB
+0
Joon2257Can anyone tell me how to understand the sentences below? Why one is right, and the other wrong? Thank you!

1.To breathe the fresh air, she felt all her stress melt away. []

Breathing the fresh air, she felt all her stress melt away. [O]



2. Breathing fresh air, she wanted to get out of the stuffy room. []

To breathe fresh air, she wanted to get out of the stuffy room. [O]
It may help you to remember the phrases "infinitive of purpose" and "participle of cause".

1a. She felt all her stress melt away -- for the purpose of breathing the fresh air!
(The order is wrong. She breathed fresh air for the purpose of feeling her stress melt away.)

1b. She was breathing fresh air. This caused her to feel all her stress melt away.
(The order is correct.)

2a. She was breathing fresh air. This caused her to want to get out of the stuffy room!
(The order is wrong. She was in the stuffy room. This caused her to want to breathe fresh air.)

2b. She wanted to get out of the stuffy room -- for the purpose of breathing fresh air.
(The order is correct.)

CJ