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The country's olympic team will be encouraged by providing monetary benefits and a special Presidential recognition.

My questions are:

1. In this sentence, I believe providing is used as a participle and not a Gerund. Is it correct?

2. The sentence is not parallel, since providing monetary benefits is a participial phrase (which is a Adjective form) while a special Presidential recognition is a noun phrase. Am I correct.

Thanks,
Bharosey.
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Hi,

The country's Olympic team will be encouraged by providing monetary benefits and a special Presidential recognition.

My questions are:

1. In this sentence, I believe providing is used as a participle and not a Gerund. Is it correct?

It's a gerund. Actually, some gerunds also have a noun equivalent, which in this case is the word 'provision'. It would be more natural to use that.

ie The country's Olympic team will be encouraged by the provision of monetary benefits and a special Presidential recognition.

2. The sentence is not parallel, since providing monetary benefits is a participial phrase (which is a Adjective form) No, it's a gerund, so they are both basically noun phrases. while a special Presidential recognition is a noun phrase. Am I correct.

I find the sentence as written a bit unclear.

Does it mean

by providing ( monetary benefits and a special Presidential recognition)

or does it mean

by ( providing monetary benefits ) and by ( a special Presidential recognition ) ?

Actually, why not just remove the word 'providing' entirely?

ie The country's Olympic team will be encouraged by monetary benefits and a special Presidential recognition.

Clive
Comments  
Clive is right - it's a gerund, not a participle. In case you're interested, the grammar works this way: the expression "by providing monetary benefits and a special Presidential recognition" is a preposition phrase (PP) headed by the preposition "by". The underlined constituent is a non-finite subordinate clause with the verb "providing" as its head, which is embedded within the PP and functioning as complement to "by". The noun phrases "monetary benefits" and "a special Presidential recognition" are functioning as joint direct objects of the verb "providing".

BillJ