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1) He sent me a letter

1-1) A letter was sent to me by him (OK)

1-2) I was sent a letter by him (??)


2) He lent me his car

2-1) His car was lent to me by him (OK)

2-2) I was lent his car by him (??)

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Where are you getting these sentences from?

From one of you English books, perhaps?

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These "passive voice" exercises are sometimes conducted in English classes with the rigors of algebraic manipulation.

These forms conform to the rules of grammar, but, in real life, no native speaker would ever use those passive voice constructions.

1-1) A letter was sent to me by him Emotion: ick! Emotion: ick!

1-2) I was sent a letter by him. Emotion: ick! Emotion: ick! Emotion: ick! Emotion: ick!


2-1) His car was lent to me by him. Emotion: ick! Emotion: ick!

2-2) I was lent his car by him. Emotion: ick! Emotion: ick! Emotion: ick! Emotion: ick! Emotion: ick! Emotion: ick! Emotion: ick! Emotion: ick! Emotion: ick! Emotion: ick!

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Comments  
Hoony, Here is a few tips you should be taking note of. In real life, passive voice doesn't work in every situation as it may sound either stiff or awkward. I will mark the ones in red. Passive voice doesn't always required a agent (by). Passive voice can be used to purposedly omit the agent. Example: According to the tracking system, the package was delivered to the address and signed for (by someone at the reception).

1) He sent me a letter Ok active

1-1) A letter was sent to me by him (OK)

1-2) I was sent a letter by him (??) Stiff A letter was sent to me (by X) OK

2) He lent me his car In the US, "loan" is used OK.

2-1) His car was lent to me by him (OK) Stiff and awkward, No native would use this passive.

2-2) I was lent his car by him (??) Possible: His car was loaned to me.

Thanks a lot 😀

Could I ask you one more question?


1. I was sent a letter (by X)

2. I was lent his car (by X)

Do you mean two sentences are awkward but grammatically correct?

 BillJ's reply was promoted to an answer.
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Hoony

Thanks a lot 😀

Could I ask you one more question?


1. I was sent a letter (by X)

2. I was lent his car (by X)

Do you mean two sentences are awkward but grammatically correct? No, it is not correct either semantically or grammatically. That's the reason why I gave you the advices in the earlier post about being careful when using passive voice. With your questions, I hope you realize that the object being sent is you, but the letter. So when you wrote "I was sent....." the meaning is"you were being sent" which is grammatically correct if the context were" I was sent here to pick up a package." Here, notice the agent is omitted, and the listener doesn't know who had sent you to pick up the package. The essential message delivered is, I was told to come here to pick up a package. Hope I explained it clearly.

 AlpheccaStars's reply was promoted to an answer.
BillJ

Where are you getting these sentences from?

From one of you English books, perhaps?

I just made those sentences to ask

'send' and 'lent' are 'to dative verbs'

They have two objects including indirect and direct objects, so I thought two types of passive sentence

are possible. But, I have always had questions about these sentences


1-2) I was sent a letter by him (??)

2-2) I was lent his car by him (??)


What they have in common is that the subjects are 'indirect object' in active sentence

I have not been sure of these sentences.

I read some grammar books, but their opinions were different from one another

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