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Hi, everyone, I read a newspaper and felt confusing to below sentence:
Sentence extracted from newspaper

" Led by the Civil Human Rights Front, the protesters represented at least five other groups, including the League of Social Democrats and Democratic Party."

Here is my answer, please correct me if there is something wrong.

"Led" past participle and it refers to the subject at behind: "the protesters"
"including" present participle and it refers to the subject at the front: "five other groups"
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"Led" past participle and it refers to the subject at behind: "the protesters"-- Yes, and the head of that absolute clause.
"including" present participle and it refers to the subject at the front: "five other groups"-- Yes, and used as a preposition.
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Thank you for your reposonse.
how about the referral? are they also correct?

"Led" refers to the subject at behind: "the protesters"
"including" refers to the subject at the front: "five other groups"
I've already answered 'Yes' above.
Hi hktrader
hktrader I read a newspaper and felt confusing to below sentence:Sentence extracted from newspaper
Based on the original wording of your sentence, I would say the more natural way to say this will be: I read this sentence from a newspaper article and was confused by it. " Felt confusing...." is grammatically and semantically incorrect because " confusing " is a present participle which connote action upon others. But you were the one being confused, not you confusing others. So the correct form of the verb should be "confused" which is used as a past participle adjective with passive meaning.
hktrader" Led by the Civil Human Rights Front,
"Led by..." has the same function and property as "confused", as I described in the above.
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