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Hello,

I have recently been volunteering with someone to help them pass their IELTS speaking exam. Their voice needs a great deal of improvement. I am trying to encourage them to pause in the correct places and did some research about this and could only find information about making speeches.

What I need to know (and have confirmed) is whether the following are correct:

In speech, we pause slightly :

1-before coordination conjunctions when they connect simple sentences.

2-before and after conjunctive adverbs such as however, therefore etc.

3- before future tense structures such as going to and will ----

4- before or after adverbs of frequency.

My observation is that pausing and stopping don't always happen the same way in speaking as they do in writing.

Any further advice would be gratefully received especially any websites that easily explain how pausing fits with grammar structures. Thanks so much.

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Start here, and YouTube will suggest more videos with similar content.

YyY63ivixOs

CJ

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Carew

1-before coordinating conjunctions when they connect simple sentences. Sounds reasonable.

2-before and after conjunctive adverbs such as however, therefore etc. Not so much after.

3- before future tense structures such as going to and will ---- I doubt it.

4- before or after adverbs of frequency. I doubt it.

CarewMy observation is that pausing and stopping don't always happen the same way in speaking as they do in writing.

Correct. If you're a fast reader, you don't have to pause or stop at all. As for commas, there are cases where you might not need to pause for a comma and cases where you should probably pause even though there is no comma. The latter type is probably more common because some writers minimize the use of commas.

CarewAny further advice

Focus on "thought groups" as advised in the video I cited above.

CJ