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This is from a newspaper article: "we would like to hear from people who have been protesting against the controversial ruling." "Have you taken part in any protests we would like to hear from you".

So first the present perfect continuous is used and then the present perfect simple. Any idea why? Could they just as well have said: "Have you been taking part in any protests"?

My question is: is the continuous used because people continue to protest or could it be they have taken part in one protest and the continuous is used to emphasize the duration of that recent activity?

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olive file 673We would like to hear from people who have been protesting against the controversial ruling.

Have you been actively participating in protests against this specific ruling?

(asking about recent involvement in specified activities)

olive file 673Have you taken part in any protests? We would like to hear from you.

Is participating in a protest — any protest — something that is part of your life experience?

(asking about general life experience)

olive file 673Could they just as well have said: "Have you been taking part in any protests"?

Yes, if they want to know about your participation in specific recent protests that have been going on. But if the only protest that has been going on lately is the one "against the controversial ruling", then it wouldn't make sense to ask this.

CJ

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Sorry, this is the correct sentence: " If you have taken part in any protest we would like to hear from you."

But the thing is that this sentence is aimed at the same people, who have just been asked if they have been protesting against this specific ruling.

It is not asking about life experience, it is asking about this specific ruling, happening at this moment. That is why I am confused.

I am sorry, the correct sentence is this: "If you have taken part in protests, we would like to hear from you".

olive file 673Sorry, this is the correct sentence: " If you have taken part in any protest we would like to hear from you."

I figured that, but the answer is the same either way.

olive file 673But the thing is that this sentence is aimed at the same people, who have just been asked if they have been protesting against this specific ruling.

That doesn't matter. You can ask different questions to the same people.

olive file 673It is not asking about life experience, it is asking about this specific ruling, happening at this moment.

That's not how it sounds to me.

Otherwise, it may just be a writer's attempt to provide some variety in his writing. We can't always expect that each and every tense in a text will be used exactly as it is described in a grammar book.

CJ

Students: We have free audio pronunciation exercises.

"people who have been protesting against". To you, does it seem like people have protested on more than one occassion, or could it be just one protest that has taken place very recently?

olive file 673

"people who have been protesting against". To you, does it seem like people have protested on more than one occasion, or could it be just one protest that has taken place very recently?

It could be just one or it could be more, but I would assume in the latter case that the reason for the protests was the same for all.

The continuous can be used for continuing activity within one iteration of an act, and it can also be used for multiple iterations of the same activity.

I have been swimming for the last 30 minutes. (one iteration of the swimming activity)
I have been swimming since I was 12 years old.(certainly not one iteration Emotion: surprise, but a habit characterized by multiple iterations of the swimming activity)

CJ

Can "have been protesting" be used if people have participated in just one recent protest, which usually takes a few hours?

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yes, but you are adding duration.

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