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1. Eating too much food.......….studying doesn't help you to study well.

a. during b. while

2. ..........……my training, I feel good.

a. During b. While

3. I must take a rest…......…..working hours.

a. during b. while

4. He suffered an ankle injury…….training this week.

a. during b. while

My answer:

I know that we 'during' is NOT followed by VERB-ING , but I am sure the correct choice in all these sentences is DURING . Am I right?

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1 while, 2 during, 3 during, 4 while;during

Use while before a verb in -ing, during before a noun phrase.

training in 4 may be interpreted as either a noun or a verb.

CJ

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Is "training" in number 4 a gerund or a noun?

Omar Ahmed

Is "training" in number 4 a gerund or a noun?

A gerund can be thought of as a kind of noun. For our purposes here (the use of 'during' and 'while'), it won't hurt to say that a gerund is a noun.

A) If we put 'during' in that sentence (4), we are treating training as a noun that means 'a session of training', 'a period of training'.

If you're interested in the grammatical label, the fact that training is a verb form with -ing— but used as a noun — makes it a gerund.

B) If we put 'while' in that sentence, we are treating training as a verb. As such, it is a participle in while (he was) training. The implied verb phrase was training consists of the auxiliary was and the participle training.


So in that sentence training can be interpreted as either a noun or a verb. Or, if you wish to use more specific grammatical labels, you can also say that training can be either a gerund or a participle.

CJ