Hi All

New user here and loving the site!!

Im currently doing the TEFL online course and have hit a bump in the road!

Three sentences: 1-She used to have long hair - 2-I was having a bath when the phone rang - 3-I wish I had worked harder.

One of the requirements of the exercise is to consider the phonological aspects. This refers to the sound of a particular grammar structure when you say it, e.g. "You should have worked harder." Native speakers tend to connect 'should' and 'have' together to form 'should've'.

1- i think it is 'used' and 'to' are often connected together when speaking to form the sound 'yoo-s-to'with native speakers.

But i really dont have a clue about sentence 2 and 3! i have searched the site and grammar books!

Any suggestions? Thanks


1 2
I'll take a stab at this--only as a native speaker, not as a phonologist.

1- She yoo-s-tuh have long hair.

2- I was hav-n-uh bath when the phone rang.

3- I wish I'd-uh worked harder.

and- You should-uh worked harder.

Does that make sense?
I think that # 3 would be 'I wish I'd worked harder.' based on the example given.

I would have to think about 1 and 2 a little more. I think your best bet for answering these questions would be to find a well written definition for the word phological. That's where I would start.

Teachers: We supply a list of EFL job vacancies
Well, I did look up the word 'phonology' and it confirmed that it was the study of the sound of speech patterns. Therefore, I gave you a sound description of the way these sentences would be said by a native speaker. You could eliminate the 'uh' sound in no. 3, although it's heard that way a lot around here.
Phonology is basically the phonetetics/sounds/pronuciation of English! Its so hard to grasp because we dont think about it when we are speaking!!

Thanks Jenna, i think that is right 'i had' to 'i'd' .......... see that makes perfect sense when someone says it like that!!

Thanks also davkett for your help!! i like your highlighted words!!

I wish i had worked harder ......could it be ' i had've'......... would that be correct? Emotion: thinking

Can it be all the words or is it just the one or two!?

I could have written:

1. yoo-sta

2. hav-na

3. should-a

'Have' in these phrases tends to sound like an 'a' (pronounced 'uh'). It may be only regional to hear 'I had' in no.3, as 'I'd-uh', because what the speaker is [erroneously] inserting in the original sentence is 'of', as in: 'I wish I had of worked harder.' (which makes no grammatical sense--though it sounds pretty familiar to me...perhaps from growing up in the Midwest US.)
Students: Are you brave enough to let our tutors analyse your pronunciation?
Yes thats what i thought! Instead of Have, we are used to hearing had of!

Strange but thats native english for you!Emotion: smile

Thanks a mill for all the help! Ill submit and see what they think!
Hi there,

My first time too;-)

I've just finished that part but was more confused with 'I wish I had worked harder'

as my answer was - wish+ had + past partciple of work (worked)

and 'Iwish I'd ....or I wish 'Iduv'

The answer comes up as 'past present' so does this refer to the 'worked' or the 'harder'?

Any answers would be appreciated.

Cheers AlexP
I believe it is "wish"-present and "harder"-past
you are wishing in the present to have worked harder in the past.
Students: We have free audio pronunciation exercises.
Show more